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Mishnayos Zevachim Perek 11 Mishnah 1

זבחים פרק י"א משנה א׳


In the case of the blood of a sin offering designated for presentation that was sprayed on a garment, that garment requires laundering, as is stated with regard to a sin offering: “And when any of its blood shall be sprinkled on a garment, you shall launder that on which it shall be sprinkled in a sacred place” (Leviticus 6:20). Although the verse is speaking only of sin offerings that are eaten and whose blood is presented on the outer altar, as it is stated: “In a sacred place shall it be eaten” (Leviticus 6:19), the principle is not exclusive to eaten sin offerings. With regard to the blood of both the sin offerings that are eaten and the sin offerings that are wholly burned and not eaten and whose blood is presented on the inner altar, garments sprayed with blood from each of these offerings require laundering. As it is stated at the start of that passage: “This is the law of the sin offering” (Leviticus 6:18), it is understood: There is one law for all the sin offerings.

דַּם חַטָּאת שֶׁנִּתַּז עַל הַבֶּגֶד, הֲרֵי זֶה טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין הַכָּתוּב מְדַבֵּר אֶלָּא בַנֶּאֱכָלוֹת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו), בְּמָקוֹם קָדֹשׁ תֵּאָכֵל, אֶחָד הַנֶּאֱכֶלֶת וְאֶחָד הַפְּנִימִית טְעוּנוֹת כִּבּוּס, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שם), תּוֹרַת הַחַטָּאת, תּוֹרָה אַחַת לְכָל הַחַטָּאוֹת:


דם חטאת. טעון כבוס – as it is written (Leviticus 6:20): “…and if any of its blood is splattered upon a garment, you shall wash the bespattered part in the sacred precinct.”

שנאמר במקום קדוש תאכל – it is written in regard to that matter.

ואחד הפנימית – that their blood requires sprinkling inside [in the inner area] which are not consumed.

שנאמר תורה אחת לכל החטאות – it is written [in the Torah – Leviticus 6:19] at the beginning of that matter.

תורה אחת לכל החטאות – and specifically the sin offering of cattle. But the blood of sin-offering of a bird [that splatters on the clothing of the officiating priest] does not require washing, for in that matter, it is written (Leviticus 6:17): “[This is the ritual of the purification/sin-offering: the purification offering shall be slaughtered before the LORD] at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered,” excluding the sin-offering of the bird which is not slaughtered.

דם חטאת. טעון כבוס. כדכתיב (ויקרא ז׳) ואשר יזה מדמה וגו׳ תכבס במקום קדוש:

שנאמר במקום קדוש תאכל. ובההוא ענינא כתיב:

ואחד הפנימית. שדמן טעון הזיה בפנים שאינן נאכלות:

שנאמר תורת החטאת. ברישא דההוא ענינא כתיב:

תורה אחת לכל החטאות. ודוקא חטאת בהמה. אבל דם חטאת העוף אינו טעון כבוס, דבההוא ענינא תשחט החטאת כתיב, פרט לחטאת העוף שאינה נשחטת: