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Today's Mishnah Yomi

Nazir 3:1 - 3:2

The Mishnah Yomi for Sunday, April 14, 2024 is Nazir 3:1 - 3:2

Mishnah 1

Mishnayos Nazir Perek 3 Mishnah 1

נזיר פרק ג׳ משנה א׳

1

One who said: I am hereby a nazirite, without specifying how long his term of naziriteship would last, shaves his hair on the thirty-first day after the start of his naziriteship, as an unspecified term of naziriteship lasts thirty days. And if he shaved on the thirtieth day, he has fulfilled his obligation. If he explicitly said: I am hereby a nazirite for thirty days, then, if he shaved on the thirtieth day, he has not fulfilled his obligation. Since the naziriteship would have been for thirty days even without him stating: For thirty days, this addition is understood to indicate that he will observe naziriteship for a full thirty days.

מִי שֶׁאָמַר הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר, מְגַלֵּחַ יוֹם שְׁלשִׁים וְאֶחָד. וְאִם גִּלַּח לְיוֹם שְׁלשִׁים, יָצָא. הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר שְׁלשִׁים יוֹם, אִם גִּלַּח לְיוֹם שְׁלשִׁים לֹא יָצָא:

א׳
Bartenura

מי שאמר הריני נזיר מגלח יום שלשים ואחד – for an unspecified Naziriteship is thirty days.

ואם גלח יום שלשים יצא – for part of a day is considered an entire day.

הריני נזיר שלשים יום אם גלח יום ל' לא יצא – for since he specified thirty complete days as stated.

מי שאמר הריני נזיר מגלח יום שלשים ואחד. דסתם נזירות שלשים יום:

ואם גלח יום שלשים יצא. דמקצת היום ככולו:

הריני נזיר שלשים יום אם גלח יום ל׳ לא יצא. דהואיל ופירש שלשים יום שלמים קאמר:

Mishnah 2

Mishnayos Nazir Perek 3 Mishnah 2

נזיר פרק ג׳ משנה ב׳

2

One who accepted two terms of naziriteship shaves at the close of the first naziriteship on the thirty-first day, and at the close of the second term on the sixty-first day. Since his second term of naziriteship begins after shaving on the thirty-first day, the sixty-first day of the first term is the thirty-first day of his second term. And if he shaved for the first term on the thirtieth day, he shaves for the second term on the sixtieth day, which is the thirty-first day after the start of his second term of naziriteship. And if he shaved for the second term on day sixty less one, he has fulfilled his obligation, as this is the thirtieth day of his second term. And this testimony was attested to by Rabbi Pappeyas, who heard from his teachers with regard to one who vowed to observe two terms of naziriteship, that if he shaved for the first term on the thirtieth day, he shaves for the second term on the sixtieth day. And if he shaved for the second term on the day sixty less one, he has fulfilled his obligation, because the thirtieth day of the first term of naziriteship counts as part of his tally of the second term.

מִי שֶׁנָּזַר שְׁתֵּי נְזִירִיּוֹת, מְגַלֵּחַ אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה יוֹם שְׁלשִׁים וְאֶחָד, וְאֶת הַשְּׁנִיָּה יוֹם שִׁשִּׁים וְאֶחָד. וְאִם גִּלַּח אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה יוֹם שְׁלשִׁים, מְגַלֵּחַ אֶת הַשְּׁנִיָּה יוֹם שִׁשִּׁים. וְאִם גִּלַּח יוֹם שִׁשִּׁים חָסֵר אֶחָד, יָצָא. וְזוֹ עֵדוּת הֵעִיד רַבִּי פַּפְּיַס עַל מִי שֶׁנָּזַר שְׁתֵּי נְזִירִיּוֹת, שֶׁאִם גִּלַּח אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה שְׁלשִׁים יוֹם, מְגַלֵּחַ אֶת הַשְּׁנִיָּה יוֹם שִׁשִּׁים. וְאִם גִּלַּח לְיוֹם שִׁשִּׁים חָסֵר אֶחָד, יָצָא, שֶׁיּוֹם שְׁלשִׁים עוֹלֶה לוֹ מִן הַמִּנְיָן:

ב׳
Bartenura

ואם גלח יום שששים חסר א' יצא – that the thirtieth day of the first Naziriteship counts [both] to here and to there and since the thirtieth day of the first [Naziriteship] is counted also from the second Naziriteship, it is found that the thirty days of the second [Naziriteship] cease with sixty [days] minus one.

ואם גלח יום ששים חסר א׳ יצא. שיום ל׳ של נזירות ראשונה עולה לכאן ולכאן, וכיון שיום ל׳ של הראשונה נמנה גם מן הנזירות השניה נמצאו שלשים יום של נזירות שניה כלים בששים חסר א׳:

Mishnah Yomi FAQ

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    Mishnah Yomi is a daily study program where participants study two mishnayot (individual teachings from the Mishnah) every day. By following this program, one can complete the entire Mishnah in about six years.

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    The Mishnah is the first major written collection of Jewish oral traditions, forming the basis of the Talmud. It dates back to around 200 CE and consists of teachings and discussions of Jewish law by various rabbis.

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    In 1934, the Kozoglover Gaon, Rav Aryeh Tzvi Frommer, who took over from Rav Meir Shapiro (the founder of Daf Yomi) as the head of Yeshivas Chachmei Lublin, initiated the Mishnah Yomi cycle, focusing on Seder Zeraim and Seder Taharos. After World War II, in 1947, Rav Yonah Sztencl, a disciple of Rav Frommer, expanded the program, advocating for a comprehensive study of Shishah Sidrei Mishnah. The idea of studying two Mishnayos daily gained the support of figures like Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer, the Tchebiner Rov, and the Gerer Rebbe, marking the formal inception of Mishnah Yomi.

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