Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Shevuos Perek 6 Mishnah 4

שבועות פרק ו׳ משנה ד׳


One does not take an oath concerning the claim of a deaf-mute, an imbecile, or a minor. And the court does not administer an oath to a minor. But one does take an oath to a minor, or to a representative of the Temple treasury with regard to consecrated property.

אֵין נִשְׁבָּעִין עַל טַעֲנַת חֵרֵשׁ שׁוֹטֶה וְקָטָן, וְאֵין מַשְׁבִּיעִין אֶת הַקָּטָן, אֲבָל נִשְׁבָּעִים לַקָּטָן וְלַהֶקְדֵּשׁ:


אין נשבעין על טענת חרש – as, for example, when the deaf-mute makes a claim against him with a gesture, for the deaf-mute/חרש that the Sages spoke of in every place is one who does not hear and does not speak (see Tractate Terumot, Chapter 1, Mishnah 2).

וטענת קטן – as, for example, when the minor makes a claim against him. For Scripture states (Exodus 22:6): “When a man gives [money or goods] to a another [for safekeeping],” but the giving of a minor is not anything. [And the deaf-mute] and the imbecile is like a minor. And specifically the oath of the Torah is that which they do not impose on the claim of a minor, but the oath of inducement (i.e., where a defendant totally denies a claim to clear himself of suspicion) he is liable to take on his claim.’

אבל נשבעין לקטן ולהקדש – he who comes to collect from the property of a minor, he should not collect other than through an oath. And similar one who consecrates his property [to the Temple] and a document of liability is issued against him and the owner of the liability comes to collect from the property of that which has been consecrated [to the Temple], requires an oath.

אין נשבעין על טענת חרש. כגון שטוענו חרש ברמיזה. דחרש שאמרו חכמים בכל מקום, אינו שומע ואינו מדבר:

וטענת קטן. כגון שטוענו קטן. דאמר קרא כי יתן איש אל רעהו, ואין בנתינת קטן כלום. [והחרש] והשוטה כקטן הוא. ודוקא שבועה דאורייתא הוא שאין נשבעין על טענת קטן, אבל שבועת היסת חייבין לישבע על טענתו:

אבל נשבעין לקטן ולהקדש. הבא ליפרע מנכסי קטן, לא יפרע אלא בשבועה. וכן המקדיש נכסיו ויצא עליו שטר חוב ובא בעל חוב ליפרע מן הנכסים של הקדש, צריך שבועה: