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Mishnayos Pesachim Perek 9 Mishnah 5

פסחים פרק ט׳ משנה ה׳


What are the differences between the Paschal lamb that the Jewish people offered in Egypt and the Paschal lamb offered in all later generations? The Paschal lamb the Jewish people offered in Egypt had to be taken from the tenth of the month of Nisan and required the people to sprinkle its blood with a bundle of hyssop, unlike the Paschal lamb in all later years, and its blood was also sprinkled upon the lintel and the two doorposts, and it was eaten with haste; in addition, the Paschal lamb in Egypt was only on one night, whereas the Paschal lamb throughout the generations is observed for seven days.

מַה בֵּין פֶּסַח מִצְרַיִם לְפֶסַח דּוֹרוֹת, פֶּסַח מִצְרַיִם מִקָּחוֹ מִבֶּעָשׂוֹר, וְטָעוּן הַזָּאָה בַאֲגֻדַּת אֵזוֹב עַל הַמַּשְׁקוֹף וְעַל שְׁתֵּי מְזוּזוֹת, וְנֶאֱכָל בְּחִפָּזוֹן בְּלַיְלָה אֶחָד, וּפֶסַח דּוֹרוֹת נוֹהֵג כָּל שִׁבְעָה:


לילה אחד. ופסח דורות נוהג כל שבעה – Our Mishnah is deficient and it should be read as follows: and it is eaten in haste in one night and its fermentation/leavening all day, but the Passover for all generations its fermentation/leavening is for all seven days, for in the Passover of Egypt, it is written (Leviticus 13:3-4): “No leavened bread shall be eaten. You go free on this day [in the month of Abib],” we call it that he should not eat leavened products only on the day when you leave Egypt.

לילה אחד ופסח דורות נוהג כל שבעה. מתניתין חסורי מחסרא והכי קתני, ונאכל בחפזון בלילה אחד וחמוצו כל היום ופסח דורות חמוצו נוהג כל שבעה, דבפסח מצרים כתיב (שמות י״ג:ג׳-ד׳) ולא יאכל חמץ היום אתם יוצאים, קרי ביה ולא יאכל חמץ היום שאתם יוצאים בלבד: