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Mishnayos Negaim Perek 8 Mishnah 9

נגעים פרק ח׳ משנה ט׳


If one came with his whole body white, and on it there was quick flesh to the extent of a lentil, and then the nega spread out covering all his skin, and then the ends of his limbs reappeared: Rabbi Ishmael says: this is the same as when the ends of the limbs reappear in that of a large bright spot. Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah ruled: as when the ends of the limbs reappeared in a small bright spot.

הַבָּא כֻלּוֹ לָבָן וּבוֹ מִחְיָה כָעֲדָשָׁה, פָּרְחָה בְכֻלּוֹ וְאַחַר כָּךְ חָזְרוּ בוֹ רָאשֵׁי אֵבָרִים, רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל אוֹמֵר, כַּחֲזִירַת רָאשֵׁי אֵבָרִים בְּבַהֶרֶת גְּדוֹלָה. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, כַּחֲזִירַת רָאשֵׁי אֵבָרִים בְּבַהֶרֶת קְטַנָּה:


פרחה בכולו ואח"כ נתגלו בו ראשי אברים – here we are speaking about [the case] that he (i.e., the Kohen) did not manage to declare him a certified leper until it had erupted/blossomed throughout all of his body and uncovered the tips of the limbs, that Rabbi Yishmael compared him to someone who comes in totally white at the outset except for the tips of the limbs, which requires isolation/quarantine/being shut up. But Rabbi Eleazar ben Azariah holds that since whereas it did not erupt/blossom, he (i.e., the Kohen) would declare him to be a certified leper, his law is like a small bright white spot on the skin which has on it quick flesh, for if it had erupted on his entire body and afterwards, the tips of the limbs were uncovered/revealed, he would be impure. And there is more to explain, that even if he had declared him a certified leper with quick flesh and it had erupted throughout all of the body and he had purified him, as Rabbi Yishmael holds, that one does not defile with the reappearance of the tops of the limbs, that one defiles with the reappearance of the tops of the limbs that is after the eruption/blossoming [which causes the leper to be declared clean], where he is pure in the practice of eruption/blossoming, but here, it is not the practice of eruption/blossoming where he is pure, for had there been a diminution of quick flesh from like the size of a lentil, he would be pure.

פרחה בכולו ואח״כ נתגלו בו ראשי אברים. הכא מיירי שלא הספיק להחליטו עד שפרחה בכולו ונתגלו ראשי אברים, דר ישמעאל מדמי ליה לבא כולו לבן בתחילה חוץ מראשי אברים, דטעון הסגר. ור׳ אלעזר בן עזריה סבר, דכיון דאילו לא פרחה היה מחליטו, דינו כבהרת קטנה ובה מחיה, דאי פרחה בכולו ואח״כ נתגלו ראשי אברים, טמא. ועוד יש לפרש, דאפילו החליטו במחיה ופרחה בכולו וטיהרו, קסבר ר׳ ישמעאל דאין מטמא בחזרת ראשי אברים, דכי מטמא בחזרת ראשי אברים שאחר פריחה היכא דטהר בתורת פריחה, אבל הכא לאו בתורת פריחה טהר, דהא אילו נתמעטה מחיה מכעדשה [נמי] טהור: