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Mishnayos Nedarim Perek 3 Mishnah 3

נדרים פרק ג׳ משנה ג׳


What are examples of vows impeded by circumstances beyond one’s control? If one’s friend took a vow with regard to him that he should eat with him, and he became sick, or his son became sick, or a river that he was unable to cross barred him from coming, these are examples of vows whose fulfillment are impeded by circumstances beyond one’s control. They are not binding and do not require dissolution.

נִדְרֵי אֳנָסִים, הִדִּירוֹ חֲבֵרוֹ שֶׁיֹּאכַל אֶצְלוֹ, וְחָלָה הוּא אוֹ שֶׁחָלָה בְנוֹ אוֹ שֶׁעִכְּבוֹ נָהָר, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ נִדְרֵי אֳנָסִין:


מדרי אונסין – that from the initial point, it was not his intention that the vow would come to pass if an unavoidable interference would prevent him, and in a case like this when the matters prove it, the matters of the heart are matters.

נדרי אונסין. דמעיקרא לא היה בדעתו שיחול הנדר אם יעכבנו אונס, ובכהאי גוונא שהדברים מוכיחים, דברים שבלב הוו דברים: