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Mishnayos Nazir Perek 4 Mishnah 5

נזיר פרק ד׳ משנה ה׳


The previous mishna discussed the case of a husband who nullified his wife’s vow after she separated her offerings of naziriteship. This mishna deals with a husband who nullified his wife’s naziriteship after she had completed her term and brought her offerings to the Temple. If the blood from one of her naziriteship offerings was sprinkled on the altar on her behalf, the husband cannot nullify her vow at this point. Rabbi Akiva says: Even before the sprinkling of the blood, he cannot nullify the vow as soon as any one of the animals for her offerings has been slaughtered on her behalf. The mishna continues: In what case is this statement, that he can no longer nullify the vow, said? It is when she is bringing the offerings for her shaving of ritual purity, when she has completed her term of naziriteship without becoming ritually impure (see Numbers 6:18). However, if she is sacrificing the offerings for her shaving of impurity, when she became ritually impure during her term of naziriteship, after which she restarts her naziriteship (see Numbers 6:9), her husband can nullify her vow. The reason is that he can say: I do not want a downcast [menuvvelet] wife, who does not drink wine. She would have to refrain from wine for a lengthy period if she were to begin her naziriteship anew. Rabbi Meir says: He can nullify her vow even at the stage of her shaving of purity, after she has begun sacrificing her offerings, as he can say: I do not want a shaven wife, and a nazirite is obligated to shave after bringing his or her offerings.

נִזְרַק עָלֶיהָ אֶחָד מִן הַדָּמִים, אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהָפֵר. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ נִשְׁחֲטָה עָלֶיהָ אַחַת מִכָּל הַבְּהֵמוֹת, אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהָפֵר. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּתִגְלַחַת הַטָּהֳרָה. אֲבָל בְּתִגְלַחַת הַטֻּמְאָה, יָפֵר, שֶׁהוּא יָכוֹל לוֹמַר אִי אֶפְשִׁי בְאִשָּׁה מְנֻוָּלֶת. רַבִּי אוֹמֵר, אַף בְּתִגְלַחַת הַטָּהֳרָה יָפֵר, שֶׁהוּא יָכוֹל לוֹמַר אִי אֶפְשִׁי בְּאִשָּׁה מְגֻלָּחַת:


נזרק עליה אחד מן הדמים אינו יכול להפר – for after the blood is tossed [for her], she is able to drink wine and become defiled to the dead, and there is no longer a vow of self-affliction.

רבי עקיבא אומר אפילו נשחטה עליה אחת מכל הבהמות אינו יכול להפר – because of the loss of holy things.

תגלחת טומאה יפר – they need to return and to count a [period of] Naziriteship of purity and he can say that he doesn’t want a disgraceful wife, meaning to say, afflicted and prevented from drinking wine.

אף בתגלחת הטהרה יפר – in order that she doesn’t have to disgrace herself with shaving, for shaving for a woman is disgraceful, but the first Tanna/teacher holds that shaving is not disgraceful, for she can make a wig. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Akiva nor according to Rabbi [Judah the Prince].

נזרק עליה אחד מן הדמים אינו יכול להפר. דלאחר שנזרק הדם היא יכולה לשתות יין וליטמא למתים, ואין כאן יותר נדר של ענוי נפש: רבי עקיבא אומר אפילו נשחטה עליה אחת מכל הבהמות אינו יכול להפר. משום הפסד קדשים:

תגלחת טומאה יפר. שצריכים לחזור ולמנות נזירות טהרה, ויכול לומר אי אפשי באשה מנוולת, כלומר מעונה ומנועה משתיית יין:

אף בתגלחת הטהרה יפר. כדי שלא תצטרך להתנוול בגילוח, דגילוח באשה ניוול הוא. ותנא קמא סבר אין הגלוח ניוול שהרי יכולה לעשות פאה נכרית. ואין הלכה לא כרבי עקיבא ולא כרבי: