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Mishnayos Menachos Perek 6 Mishnah 1

מנחות פרק ו׳ משנה א׳


And these are the meal offerings from which a handful is removed and the remainder of the offering is eaten by the priests: The meal offering of fine flour; and the meal offering prepared in a pan; and the meal offering prepared in a deep pan; and the meal offering baked in an oven that is brought entirely of loaves; and the meal offering baked in an oven that is brought entirely of wafers; the meal offering of gentiles; and the meal offering of women; and the omer meal offering, i.e., the measure of barley brought as a communal offering on the sixteenth of Nisan; and the meal offering of a sinner; and the meal offering of jealousy, brought by a sota. Rabbi Shimon says: Although its remainder is not eaten by priests, as meal offerings of priests are burned in their entirety, as it is written: “And every meal offering of the priest shall be offered in its entirety; it shall not be eaten” (Leviticus 6:16), nevertheless, with regard to the meal offering of a sinner brought by one of the priests, a handful is removed. And the handful is sacrificed on the altar by itself, and the remainder is sacrificed on the altar by itself.

אֵלּוּ מְנָחוֹת נִקְמָצוֹת וּשְׁיָרֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים, מִנְחַת סֹלֶת, וְהַמַּחֲבַת, וְהַמַּרְחֶשֶׁת, וְהַחַלּוֹת, וְהָרְקִיקִין, מִנְחַת גּוֹיִם, מִנְחַת נָשִׁים, מִנְחַת הָעֹמֶר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא, וּמִנְחַת קְנָאוֹת. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא שֶׁל כֹּהֲנִים נִקְמֶצֶת, וְהַקֹּמֶץ קָרֵב לְעַצְמוֹ, וְהַשִּׁירַיִם קְרֵבִין לְעַצְמָן:


אלו מנחות נקמצות – the meal-offering of fine flour, its dough is grabbed, and the meal-offering prepared/fried in a flat pan and the meal-offering prepared/fried in a deep pan, and the loaves and wafers, that is basked, they crumble them after their being baked. But the meal-offering of fine flour is written explicitly, קמיצה/a handful (Leviticus 2:2: “[and present it to Aaron’s sons, the priests.] The priest shall scoop out of it a handful/וקמץ משם מלא קמצו of its choice flour and oil, as well all of its frankincense,” and the others are written as אזכרה /a token portion (Leviticus 2:2: “and this token portion [he shall turn into smoke on the altar, as a gift of pleasing odor to the LORD],” and this אזכרה/token portion is the handful [of meal-offering].

מנחת גוים או נשים – who made a free-will offering of one of these.

מנחת העומר – אזכרה/this token portion is written regarding it (Leviticus 2:16: “And the priest shall turn a token portion of it into smoke: some of the grits and oil, with all of the frankincense, as a gift to the LORD.”).

מנחת חוטא וקנאות – it is written regarding them קמיצה/grabbing a handful (see Leviticus 5:12: “He shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall scoop out of it a handful as a token portion of it, and turn it into smoke on the altar.”).

מנחת חוטא של כהנים נקמצת – even though the meal-offering of the Kohen is burned entirely, as it is written (Leviticus 6:16): “So, too, every grain offering of a priest shall be a whole offering: it shall not be eaten,” nonetheless, it requires taking a handful.

והקומץ קרב לעצמו והשיריים קרבן לעצמן – but according to the first Tanna/teacher, the meal-offering of the Kohen is not taken in a handful, but rather is offered in smoke as it is, for he holds that all meal-offerings where the residue/remnants are consumed is taken in a handful but its residue/remnants which are consumed are not taken in a handful. But the Halakha is according to the first Tanna/teacher.

אלו מנחות נקמצות. מנחת סולת נקמצת עיסה, ומנחת מחבת ומרחשת וחלות ורקיקים דהיינו מאפה, פותתן לאחר אפייתן. ובמנחת סולת כתיבה קמיצה בהדיא, ובאינך כתיב אזכרה, ואזכרה היינו קומץ:

מנחת גוים או נשים. שהתנדבו אחת מאלו:

מנחת העומר. אזכרה כתיב בה:

מנחת חוטא וקנאות. כתיב בהו קמיצה:

מנחת חוטא של כהנים נקמצת. אע״ג דמנחת כהן נשרפת כולה כדכתיב (ויקרא ו׳) וכל מנחת כהן כליל תהיה, מכל מקום בעיא קמיצה:

והקומץ קרב לעצמו והשיריים קרבין לעצמן. אבל לתנא קמא אין מנחת כהן נקמצת אלא נקטרת כמות שהיא, דסבר כל מנחה ששייריה נאכלים נקמצת ושאין שייריה נאכלים אינה נקמצת. והלכה כתנא קמא: