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Mishnayos Menachos Perek 6 Mishnah 2

מנחות פרק ו׳ משנה ב׳


The meal offering of priests, the meal offering of the anointed priest, i.e., the High Priest, and the meal offering brought with libations that accompany burnt offerings and peace offerings are burned in their entirety on the altar, and there is no part of them for the priests. And in the case of those offerings, the power of the altar is greater than the power of the priests. The two loaves, i.e., the public offering on Shavuot of two loaves baked from new wheat, and the shewbread, i.e., the twelve loaves that were placed on the sacred Table in the Sanctuary each Shabbat, are eaten by the priests, and there is no part of them burned on the altar. And in the case of those offerings, the power of the priests is greater than the power of the altar.

מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ וּמִנְחַת נְסָכִים, לַמִּזְבֵּחַ, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַכֹּהֲנִים. בָּזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִכֹּחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, לַכֹּהֲנִים, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וּבָזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים מִכֹּחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:


בזה יפה כח המזבח – it was not necessary to teach this, for we see that in this, the power of the altar is greater, and it is a simple matter. But rather to include the individual who gives a freewill offering of wine to altar without a sacrifice, so that you should not say that he drips it over the burnt-offerings on the fire, and it is completely burned and the power of the altar is not greater in this, it comes to teach us that this is not the case, but rather, he offers the libation like other libations and goes down to the pit by the side of the altar into which the remainder of the libations were poured, that is like two perforations/incisions that were in the altar and they would go down below until the foundation, in order that the power of the altar would be greater.

ובזה יפה כח הכהנים – to include the two [loaves of] bread of Atzeret/Shavuot, if he brought them by themselves with out the lambs, that you should not say that they stand for burning but not for consumption since the lambs were not offered up as sacrifices that permit them, it comes to teach us that in this way, the power of he Kohanim was greater forever, for they stood for consumption and not for burning (see Tractate Menahot 74b).

בזה יפה כח המזבח. לא הוי צריך למיתני, דהא חזינן דבזה יפה כח המזבח ומלתא דפשיטא היא. אלא לאתויי המתנדב יין למזבח בלא קרבן, דלא תימא מזלפו על האישים על האש והוא נשרף וכלה ואין כח מזבח יפה בזה, קמ״ל דלא, אלא מנסכו כשאר נסכים ויורד לשיתין דהיינו כמין שני נקבים שהיו במזבח ויורדים למטה עד היסוד, כדי שיהיה כח המזבח יפה:

ובזה יפה כח הכהנים. לאתויי שתי הלחם של עצרת אם הביאום בפני עצמן בלא כבשים, דלא תימא לשריפה עומדות ולא לאכילה כיון שלא קרבו כבשים שמתירים אותם, קמשמע לן דבזה יפה כח כהנים לעולם דלאכילה עומדות ולא לשריפה: