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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 6 Mishnah 7

כתובות פרק ו׳ משנה ז׳


With regard to one who transfers money by means of a third party for his daughter to purchase a field after she marries, is the daughter allowed to assert control over the money? If she says after she marries: My husband is trustworthy for me, so give him the money to buy the property for me, her wishes are not honored. The third party should execute the agency that was entrusted in his power; this is the statement of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Yosei says: The daughter has authority: And were it only a field and she wanted to sell it, it could be sold immediately. Just as she would have authority to control the field, she may control the money assigned for her. The mishna qualifies: In what case is this statement said? With respect to an adult woman. But with respect to a minor girl, any action of a minor girl is nothing from a legal standpoint; a minor would have no authority in this matter.

הַמַּשְׁלִישׁ מָעוֹת לְבִתּוֹ, וְהִיא אוֹמֶרֶת נֶאֱמָן בַּעְלִי עָלָי, יַעֲשֶׂה הַשָּׁלִישׁ מַה שֶׁהֻשְׁלַשׁ בְּיָדוֹ, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, וְכִי אֵינָהּ אֶלָּא שָׂדֶה וְהִיא רוֹצָה לְמָכְרָהּ, הֲרֵי הִיא מְכוּרָה מֵעַכְשָׁיו. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בִּגְדוֹלָה. אֲבָל בִּקְטַנָּה, אֵין מַעֲשֵׂה קְטַנָּה כְלוּם:


המשליש מעות לבתו – He [i.e., the father] transferred money in the hands of a third-party for the needs of his daughter to purchase for her a field or a dowry when she gets married.

יעשה שליש כו' – he should purchase/acquire the field and we don’t listen to her for it is a Mitzvah to fulfill the words of the dead person.

וכי אינה אלא שדה – meaning to say, even if the field was already acquired and she wants to sell, she can sell it; therefore we listen to her. And the dispute of Rabbi Yosi and Rabbi Meir is specifically with regard to an adult woman from betrothal. For is she had already gotten married, everyone states that we listen to her, and with a minor also, Rabbi Yosi admits that there is nothing in the actions a minor at all, and we don’t listen to her. And the Halakha is according to Rabbi Meir.

המשליש מעות לבתו. מסר מעות ביד שליש לצורך בתו לקנות לה שדה או נדוניא לכשתנשא:

נאמן בעלי עלי. ותנם לו:

יעשה שליש כו׳ יקנה השדה. ואין שומעין לה דמצוה לקיים דברי המת:

וכי אינה אלא שדה. כלומר אפילו כבר נקנה השדה והיא רוצה למוכרה יכולה למכור, הלכך שומעין לה. ופלוגתא דרב יוסי ור״מ דוקא בגדולה מן האירוסין, דאילו לאחר שנישאת דברי הכל שומעין לה. ובקטנה נמי מודה רבי יוסי דאין במעשה קטנה כלום ואין שומעין לה. והלכה כר״מ: