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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 6 Mishnah 1

כתובות פרק ו׳ משנה א׳


A lost object found by a wife and the wife’s earnings belong to her husband. And with regard to her inheritance, the husband enjoys the profits of this property in her lifetime. If she is humiliated or injured, the perpetrator is liable to pay compensation for her humiliation and her degradation, as relevant. This payment belongs to her. Rabbi Yehuda ben Beteira says: When it is an injury that is in a concealed part of the woman’s body, she receives two parts, i.e., two-thirds, of the payment for humiliation and degradation, and the husband receives one part, i.e., one-third, as the injury affects him as well. And when it is an injury that is in an exposed part of her body, he receives two parts, as he suffers public humiliation due to her condition, and she receives one part. His payment should be given to him immediately. And with her portion, land should be purchased with it, and he enjoys the profits of that property.

מְצִיאַת הָאִשָּׁה וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ, לְבַעְלָהּ. וִירֻשָּׁתָהּ, הוּא אוֹכֵל פֵּרוֹת בְּחַיֶּיהָ. בָּשְׁתָּהּ וּפְגָמָהּ, שֶׁלָּהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶן בְּתֵירָא אוֹמֵר, בִּזְמַן שֶׁבַּסֵּתֶר, לָהּ שְׁנֵי חֲלָקִים, וְלוֹ אֶחָד. וּבִזְמַן שֶׁבַּגָּלוּי, לוֹ שְׁנֵי חֲלָקִים, וְלָהּ אֶחָד. שֶׁלּוֹ, יִנָּתֵן מִיָּד. וְשֶׁלָּהּ, יִלָּקַח בָּהֶן קַרְקַע, וְהוּא אוֹכֵל פֵּרוֹת:


מציאת האשה. וירושתה – if an inheritance fell to her,

he (i.e., her husband) enjoys the usufruct during her lifetime and the principal is hers.

ופגמה – damages for injury that she has [sustained], the diminution of monies that they assess concerning her – how beautiful she was to sell in the marketplace and how much she is worth currently.

ובזמן שבגלוי – for the shame is his and furthermore, she is repulsive to him and he suffers for her.

ילקח בהן קרקע והוא אוכל פירות – during her lifetime and he principal is her, when he dies or divorces her but if she dies, she inheris it, and the Halakha is according to Rabbi Yehuda.

מציאת האשה. וירושתה. אם נפלה לה ירושה:

הוא אוכל פירות בחייה. והקרן שלה:

ופגמה. חבלה שיש בה פחת דמים ששמין אותה כמה היתה יפה לימכר בשוק וכמה היא שוה עכשיו:

ובזמן שבגלוי. שהבושת שלו. ועוד, שנמאסת עליו והוא סובלה:

ילקח בהן קרקע והוא אוכל פירות. בחייה, והקרן שלה לכשימות או יגרשנה. ואם תמות היא, יורשה. והלכה כר׳ יהודה: