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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 5 Mishnah 9

כתובות פרק ה׳ משנה ט׳


In addition to the above, he must give her another silver ma’a coin for the rest of her needs. And she eats with him from Shabbat evening to Shabbat evening. Although he may provide for her sustenance via a third party throughout the week, on Shabbat evening she has the right to eat together with him. And if he does not give her a silver ma’a coin for her needs, her earnings belong to her. And what is the fixed amount that she must earn for him? She must spin wool in the weight of five sela of threads of the warp in Judea, which are equivalent to ten sela according to the measurements of the Galilee, or the weight of ten sela of the threads of the woof, which are easier to prepare, in Judea, which are equivalent to twenty sela according to the measurements used in the Galilee. And if she is nursing at the time, the required amount is reduced from her earnings and is added to the sum she receives for her sustenance. In what case is this statement, i.e., all these amounts and measurements, said? With regard to the poorest of Jews, i.e., these are the minimum requirements. However, in the case of a financially prominent man, all the amounts are increased according to his prominence.

נוֹתֵן לָהּ מָעָה כֶסֶף לְצָרְכָּהּ, וְאוֹכֶלֶת עִמּוֹ מִלֵּילֵי שַׁבָּת לְלֵילֵי שַׁבָּת. וְאִם אֵין נוֹתֵן לָהּ מָעָה כֶסֶף לְצָרְכָּהּ, מַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ שֶׁלָּהּ. וּמַה הִיא עוֹשָׂה לוֹ, מִשְׁקַל חָמֵשׁ סְלָעִים שְׁתִי בִּיהוּדָה, שֶׁהֵן עֶשֶׂר סְלָעִים בַּגָּלִיל, אוֹ מִשְׁקַל עֶשֶׂר סְלָעִים עֵרֶב בִּיהוּדָה, שֶׁהֵן עֶשְׂרִים סְלָעִים בַּגָּלִיל. וְאִם הָיְתָה מֵנִיקָה, פּוֹחֲתִים לָהּ מִמַּעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ, וּמוֹסִיפִין לָהּ עַל מְזוֹנוֹתֶיהָ. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּעָנִי שֶׁבְּיִשְׂרָאֵל. אֲבָל בִּמְכֻבָּד, הַכֹּל לְפִי כְבוֹדוֹ:


נותן לה מעה כסף – in each week for the needs of small things.

ואוכלת עמו ליל שבת – even though that on all the rest of the days [of the week], he can give her support through a third party if he wants, on Friday night, which is the night of conjugal relations, he is obliged to eat with her.

מעשה ידיה – athe excess of her handiwork, meaning to say, what she does greater than her support/food.

שתי – it is hard to wave double of woof and the weight of Judea is double that of the Galilee.

הכל לפי כבודו – and also according to the custom of the country/province.

נותן לה מעה כסף. בכל שבת לצורך דברים קטנים:

ואוכלת עמו לילי שבת. אע״ג דבכל שאר הימים יכול לתת מזונותיה על ידי שליש אם ירצה, בליל שבת שהוא ליל עונה חייב לאכול עמה:

מעשה ידיה. מותר מעשה ידיה כלומר מה שעושה יותר על מזונותיה:

שתי. קשה לטוות כפלים כשל ערב. ומשקל של יהודה כפלים כשל גליל:

הכל לפי כבודו. וכפי מנהג המדינה נמי: