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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 6 Mishnah 2

כתובות פרק ו׳ משנה ב׳


In the case of one who pledges to set aside a sum of money for his son-in-law as part of a dowry, and his son-in-law dies before receiving the money, the terms of the dowry do not transfer to the brother, who is now the yavam of the widow. The Sages said: The father-in-law can say to the yavam: To your brother, I wanted to give this money, but to you I do not want to give it.

הַפּוֹסֵק מָעוֹת לַחֲתָנוֹ, וּמֵת חֲתָנוֹ, אָמְרוּ חֲכָמִים, יָכוֹל הוּא שֶׁיֹּאמַר, לְאָחִיךָ הָיִיתִי רוֹצֶה לִתֵּן, וּלְךָ אִי אֶפְשִׁי לִתֵּן:


ומת חתנו – and she fell before the levir [for him to consummate the marriage].

יכול הוא שיאמר – either remove the shoe or fulfill the role of the levir (i.e., marry your sister-in-law), or give what had been decided or let her sit until her head becomes white (i.e., she becomes old), and even though his brother was an ignoramus and he (who had died) was a Sage, he (i.e., the father-in-law) can say – “to your brother, I would want to give [her], but to you, I would not want to give [her].”

ומת חתנו. ונפלה לפני יבם:

יכול הוא שיאמר. או חלוץ או יבם. ואילו לאחיו, או יתן מה שפסק או תשב עד שתלבין ראשה. ואע״ג דאחיו עם הארץ והוא תלמיד חכם יכול הוא לומר לאחיך הייתי רוצה ליתן ולך איני רוצה ליתן: