Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 4 Mishnah 12

כתובות פרק ד׳ משנה י"ב


Similarly, if he omitted from the marriage contract the clause: You will sit in my house and be sustained from my property all the days you live as a widow in my house, he is nevertheless obligated as though he had written it, as it is a stipulation of the court. The mishna comments: The residents of Jerusalem would write in this manner, that a widow may remain in her husband’s house throughout her widowhood, and the residents of the Galilee would write in this manner as well, like the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In contrast, the residents of Judea would write: Until the heirs want to give you your marriage contract. Consequently, if the heirs wish, they may give her marriage contract to her and release her, and she must find her own living arrangements and provide for herself.

אַתְּ תְּהֵא יָתְבָא בְּבֵיתִי וּמִתְּזָנָא מִנִּכְסַי, כָּל יְמֵי מִגַּד אַלְמְנוּתִיךְ בְּבֵיתִי, חַיָּב, שֶׁהוּא תְנַאי בֵּית דִּין. כָּךְ הָיוּ אַנְשֵׁי יְרוּשָׁלַיִם כּוֹתְבִין. אַנְשֵׁי גָלִיל הָיוּ כוֹתְבִין כְּאַנְשֵׁי יְרוּשָׁלָיִם. אַנְשֵׁי יְהוּדָה הָיוּ כוֹתְבִין, עַד שֶׁיִּרְצוּ הַיּוֹרְשִׁים לִתֵּן לִיךְ כְּתֻבְּתִיךְ. לְפִיכָךְ אִם רָצוּ הַיּוֹרְשִׁין, נוֹתְנִין לָהּ כְּתֻבָּתָהּ וּפוֹטְרִין אוֹתָהּ:


מיגד אלמנותיך – during your widowhood.

אנשי יהודה כותבין כו' – but the Halakha is not like the men of Judea but rather, all the while that she is not married and she did not claim her Ketubah in the Jewish court, she is supported from her husband and lives in the house that she lived in during the life of her husband, and uses all the utensils that she would use during the life of her husband.

מיגד אלמנותיך. משך אלמנותיך:

אנשי יהודה כותבין כו׳ ואין הלכה כאנשי יהודה, אלא כל זמן שלא נישאת ושלא תבעה כתובתה בבית דין ניזונית משל בעלה ודרה בבית שהיתה דרה בחיי בעלה ומשתמשת בכל הכלים שהיתה משתמשת בהן בחיי בעלה: