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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 10 Mishnah 2

עירובין פרק י׳ משנה ב׳


Rabbi Shimon says that there is an alternative method of transferring the phylacteries: One gives them to another who is less than four cubits from him, and the other passes them to another, until the phylacteries reach the outermost courtyard of the city. Since carrying less than four cubits in a public domain is not prohibited by Torah law, in this case, the Sages permitted carrying in that manner due to the sanctity of the phylacteries. And similarly, with regard to one’s son who was born in a field and may not be carried on Shabbat, since that is akin to carrying a burden in the public domain: One gives him to another, and the other passes him to another, even if it requires a hundred people. Rabbi Yehuda says: A person may even give a barrel to another, and the other may pass it to another, and in that way even take it beyond the Shabbat limit, provided that no one person carries it more than four cubits. They said to him: This barrel may not go a greater distance than the feet of its owner, i.e., it may not be carried any farther than its owner may walk.

רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, נוֹתְנָן לַחֲבֵרוֹ, וַחֲבֵרוֹ לַחֲבֵרוֹ, עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לֶחָצֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה. וְכֵן בְּנוֹ, נוֹתְנוֹ לַחֲבֵרוֹ, וַחֲבֵרוֹ לַחֲבֵרוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ מֵאָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, נוֹתֵן אָדָם חָבִית לַחֲבֵרוֹ, וַחֲבֵרוֹ לַחֲבֵרוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ חוּץ לַתְּחוּם. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, לֹא תְהַלֵּךְ זוֹ יוֹתֵר מֵרַגְלֵי בְעָלֶיהָ:


ר"ש אומר נותנן לחבירו – and he doesn’t bring them in less [less] than four cupids for he fears from robbers, it was made a decree lest he cause them to pass from the beginning of four [cubits] to the end of four [cubits], and the Halakha is according to Rabbi Shimon.

וכן בנו – that his mother gave birth to in the field on Shabbat.

נותנו לחבירו –one gives him to his fellow, for this is preferable than to carry him a bit less than four cubits.

אפילו חוץ לתחום – it speaks of an ownerless earthen wine jug, for if it has owners we surely hold that the animals and utensils are like legs of the animals, and Rabbi Yehuda holds that ownerless possessions do not acquire a place to be the center of Sabbath movements.

אמרו לו – Rabbi Yohanan ben Nuri (see Talmud Eruvin 97b) is the one who states this for we understand from him that ownerless possessions do acquire a place to be the center of Sabbath movements in their place.

לא תהלך זה יותר מרגלי בעליה – that is to say, if they had owners and they did not create a symbolical community of residence by an Eruv, he would not walk more than two-thousand cubits; here too, he should not walk other than two-thousand cubits from the place where he appointed a place to be the center of Sabbath movements.

ר״ש אומר נותנן לחבירו. ואינו מוליכן פחות [פחות] מד׳ אמות כשמתיירא מפני לסטים, גזירה שמא יעבירם מתחלת ד׳ לסוף ד׳. והלכה כר״ש:

וכן בנו. שילדתו אמו בשדה בשבת:

נותנו לחבירו. והא עדיפא מלטלטלו פחות פחות מד׳ אמות:

אפילו חוץ לתחום. בחבית של הפקר מיירי דאי יש לה בעלים הא קי״ל הבהמה והכלים כרגלי הבעלים וסבר ר״י נכסי הפקר לא קנו שביתה:

אמרו לו. רבי יוחנן בן נורי הוא דאמר לה, דשמעינן ליה דאמר נכסי הפקר קונין שביתה במקומן:

לא תהלך זו יותר מרגלי בעליה. כלומר אם היו לה בעלים ולא עירבו לא היתה מהלכת אלא אלפים אמה, השתא נמי לא תלך אלא אלפים אמה ממקום שביתתה. והלכה כר׳ יהודה: