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Mishnayos Demai Perek 6 Mishnah 9

דמאי פרק ו׳ משנה ט׳


A chaver (rabbinic associate) and an am haaretz who inherited [the property of] their father who was an am haaretz, he (the chaver) may say to him (the am haaretz): “You take the wheat which is in this place and I will take the wheat which is in that place.” Or, “You take the wine which is in this place and I will take the wine which is in that place.” But he may not say to him: “You take the wheat and I will take the barley,” or, “You take the wine and I will take the oil,” or: “You take the moist produce and I will take the dry produce.”

חָבֵר וְעַם הָאָרֶץ שֶׁיָּרְשׁוּ אֶת אֲבִיהֶם עַם הָאָרֶץ, יָכוֹל הוּא לוֹמַר לוֹ, טֹל אַתָּה חִטִּים שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי וַאֲנִי חִטִּים שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי, אַתָּה יַיִן שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי וַאֲנִי יַיִן שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי. אֲבָל לֹא יֹאמַר לוֹ, טֹל אַתָּה חִטִּים וַאֲנִי שְׂעוֹרִים, טֹל אַתָּה הַלַּח וַאֲנִי אֶטֹּל אֶת הַיָּבֵשׁ:


חבר – who is trustworthy in ritual purity and one does not have to say for tithes [as well].

שירשו את אביהן עם הארץ – and the produce that he placed down were doubtfully tithed and with the presumption of being ritual impure.

טול אתה בלח – that are susceptible to receive ritual impurity and I [will take] the dry that has not become susceptible to receive ritual impurity, because it is forbidden for a person who is a member of the order for the observance of the Levitical laws in daily intercourse (i.e., a חבר), to sell to an עם הארץ – a person who does not observe certain religious customs regarding tithes and Levitical cleanness something moist and dry as is taught above in Chapter 2 [Mishnah 3].

חבר. הנאמן לטהרות ואין צריך לומר למעשרות:

שירשו את אביהן עם הארץ. ופירות שהניח הוו דמאי ובחזקת טמאים:

טול אתה בלח. שהוכשר לקבל טומאה ואני ביבש שלא הוכשר לקבל טומאה לפי שאסור לחבר למכור לעם הארץ לח ויבש כדתנן לעיל בפרק שני: