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Mishnayos Zevachim Perek 8 Mishnah 5

זבחים פרק ח׳ משנה ה׳


In a case where limbs of burnt offerings fit for sacrifice were intermingled with limbs of blemished burnt offerings, Rabbi Eliezer says: Although all the limbs are unfit for sacrifice, if the head of one of them was sacrificed all the heads shall be sacrificed, as the head that was sacrificed is assumed to have been that of the unfit animal in the mixture. Likewise, if one sacrificed the legs of one of them all the legs shall be sacrificed. And the Rabbis say: Even if all the limbs were sacrificed except for one of them, there is a concern that the remaining limb is the unfit limb, which may not be sacrificed. Rather, all of the limbs must go out to the place of burning in the Temple courtyard.

אֵבָרִין בְּאֵבְרֵי בַעֲלֵי מוּמִין, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אִם קָרֵב רֹאשׁ אַחַד מֵהֶן, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הָרָאשִׁין. כַּרְעוֹ שֶׁל אַחַד מֵהֶן, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הַכְּרָעָיִם. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֲפִלּוּ קָרְבוּ כֻלָּם חוּץ מֵאַחַד מֵהֶן, יֵצֵא לְבֵית הַשְּׂרֵפָה:


אברים באברי בעלי מומים – kosher/fit limbs that were mixed with one limb of a blemished beast, and a Kohen comes and he doesn’t know of their mixture and he offered one of the heads, he should offer all of the heads ab initio, for we assign the prohibited one with that which was offered, but all of these are kosher. And in the Gemara (Tractate Zevakhim 77b) it explains that Rabbi Eliezer did not permit other than to offer them in twos [but not singly], for certainly one from those pairs is permitted and this sacrifice was to be offered because of that one that is permissible. But if it is because that one where there is doubtful prohibition, there would be a doubt with that which was offered first before he changed his mind. But “one by one” lest he didn’t give that sacrifice to be made even according to Rabbi Eliezer, for perhaps this one was forbidden.

חוץ מאחד – except for one pair. And this is explained in the Gemara, that with one pair alone [of heads or legs], Rabbi Eliezer admits that this sacrifice was not given to be offered, as we have stated.

אברים באברי בעלי מומים. אברים כשרים שנתערב בהן אבר אחד של בעלי מומין, ובא כהן שאינו יודע בתערובתן והקריב אחד מן הראשין, יקריבו כל הראשין לכתחלה, דתלינן איסורא בההוא דקרב, והנך כולהו כשרים נינהו. ובגמרא מפרש דלא שרי ר׳ אליעזר אלא להקריבן שנים שנים, דודאי חד מהנך זוג דהיתירא הוא וניתנה הקרבה זו ליקרב משום ההוא דהיתר. ואי משום ההוא דספק איסור איכא למתלייה באותו שקרב תחלה קודם שנמלך. אבל אחד אחד שמא לא נתנה הקרבה זו ליקרב אפילו לר׳ אליעזר דילמא האי דאיסורא הוא:

חוץ מאחד. חוץ מזוג אחד. הכי מפרש לה בגמרא. דבחד גרידא מודה ר׳ אליעזר דלא ניתנה הקרבה זו ליקרב, כדאמרן: