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Mishnayos Zevachim Perek 12 Mishnah 3

זבחים פרק י"ב משנה ג׳


The hides of offerings of lesser sanctity belong to the owners; the hides of offerings of the most sacred order belong to the priests. The right of priests to hides of offerings of the most sacred order is derived via an a fortiori inference: If for a burnt offering, for which the priests do not acquire its flesh, as it is burned in its entirety, they acquire its hide, then for other offerings of the most sacred order, for which the priests acquire its flesh, is it not right that they should acquire its hide? And there is no room to contend that the altar will prove that this is not a valid inference, as it acquires the flesh of a burnt offering but not its hide, since it does not have the right to the hide of an offering in any place.

עוֹרוֹת קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים לַבְּעָלִים, וְעוֹרוֹת קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים לַכֹּהֲנִים. קַל וָחֹמֶר, מָה אִם עוֹלָה, שֶׁלֹּא זָכוּ בִבְשָׂרָהּ, זָכוּ בְעוֹרָהּ, קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים, שֶׁזָּכוּ בִבְשָׂרָהּ, אֵינוֹ דִין שֶׁיִּזְכּוּ בְעוֹרָהּ. אֵין מִזְבֵּחַ יוֹכִיחַ, שֶׁאֵין לוֹ עוֹר מִכָּל מָקוֹם:


עורות קדשים קלים לבעלים – as it is written (Leviticus 7:8): “shall keep the skin/עור העולה of the burnt offering [that is offered],”just as the burnt offering of the Most Holy Things, so also all of the Most Holy Things.

עורות קדשי קדשים – the sin-offerings and guilt-offerings go to the Kohanim as the reason is explained further on.

אין המזבח יוכיח – that is to say, you don’t have to state that the Altar will prove that it acquired the meat of the burnt-offering but did not acquire the hide and even you should no be amazed regarding the Holiest of Holy Things for even though the Kohanim acquired their meat, that they would not acquire their hides. This is not a proof, for the altar does not have the hide in any case. But regarding the Kohanim, we have found that they did acquire the hide of the burnt-offering as an a fortiori derivation that they would acquire the hides of the Holiest of the Holy Things.

עורות קדשים קלים לבעלים. דכתיב עור העולה וגו׳, מה עולה קדשי קדשים אף כל קדשי קדשים:

עורות קדשי קדשים. חטאות ואשמות לכהנים כדמפרש טעמא ואזיל:

אין המזבח מוכיח. כלומר, אין לך לומר מזבח יוכיח שזכה בבשר העולה ולא זכה בעור, ואף אתה אל תתמה בקדשי קדשים שאע״פ שזכו כהנים בבשרן לא יזכו בעורן. אין זו הוכחה, שאין למזבח עור בכל מקום. אבל בכהנים מצינו שזכו בעור העולה, וקל וחומר שיזכו בעורות קדשי קדשים: