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Mishnayos Yoma Perek 3 Mishnah 9

יומא פרק ג׳ משנה ט׳


The priest then came to the eastern side of the Temple courtyard, farthest from the Holy of Holies, to the north of the altar. The deputy was to his right, and the head of the patrilineal family belonging to the priestly watch that was assigned to serve in the Temple that week was to his left. And they arranged two goats there, and there was a lottery receptacle there, and in it were two lots. These were originally made of boxwood, and the High Priest Yehoshua ben Gamla fashioned them of gold, and the people would mention him favorably for what he did. Since the mishna mentions an item designed to enhance the Temple service, it also lists other such items:

בָּא לוֹ לְמִזְרַח הָעֲזָרָה, לִצְפוֹן הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, הַסְּגָן מִימִינוֹ וְרֹאשׁ בֵּית אָב מִשְּׂמֹאלוֹ. וְשָׁם שְׁנֵי שְׂעִירִים, וְקַלְפִּי הָיְתָה שָׁם וּבָהּ שְׁנֵי גוֹרָלוֹת. שֶׁל אֶשְׁכְּרוֹעַ הָיוּ, וַעֲשָׂאָן בֶּן גַּמְלָא שֶׁל זָהָב, וְהָיוּ מַזְכִּירִין אוֹתוֹ לְשָׁבַח:


בא לו למזרח העזרה – they would not bring in the goats between the hall leading to the interior of the Temple and the altar because he wants to place lots upon them, but they were in the courtyard until the time of the slaughtering.

וקלפי – a wooden hollowed utensil.

של אשכרוע – it is called BUSA in a foreign tongue. It is a form of tree and important.

בן גמלא – Joshua ben Gamla, when he was appointed to be High Priest, made them of gold.

בא לו למזרח העזרה. שלא היו מכניסים השעירים בין האולם ולמזבח כשרוצה לתת עליהם גורלות אלא בעזרה היו עד שעת שחיטה:

וקלפי. כלי עץ חלול:

של אשכרוע. בוס״א בלע״ז. מין עץ וחשוב הוא:

בן גמלא. יהושע בן גמלא כשנתמנה להיות כהן גדול עשאן של זהב: