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Mishnayos Yevamos Perek 5 Mishnah 2

יבמות פרק ה׳ משנה ב׳


The mishna elaborates: How do these laws work in practice? If a yavam performed levirate betrothal with his yevama, and he later gave her a bill of divorce, she nevertheless requires ḥalitza from him. The bill of divorce does not fully exempt her from levirate marriage, as the levirate bond remains intact. If he performed levirate betrothal and then ḥalitza, she requires a bill of divorce from him in order to cancel the levirate betrothal. If the yavam performed levirate betrothal and then engaged in intercourse with the yevama, this is the way to perform levirate marriage in accordance with its mitzva, as the Sages instituted this as the proper procedure for a yavam to perform levirate marriage.

כֵּיצַד. עָשָׂה מַאֲמָר בִּיבִמְתּוֹ, וְנָתַן לָהּ גֵּט, צְרִיכָה הֵימֶנּוּ חֲלִיצָה. עָשָׂה מַאֲמָר וַחֲלִיצָה, צְרִיכָה הֵימֶנּוּ גֵט. עָשָׂה מַאֲמָר וּבָעַל, הֲרֵי זוֹ כְמִצְוָתָהּ:


כיצד – this does not refer to the dispute, but rather, it is a matter of its own, referring to one levir and one widow whose husband died without children, and this is what he said: In what case is the law of one levir and one Yevamah/widow whose husband died without children?

צריכה הימנו חליצה – if he wanted to consummate a marriage by conducting a woman to his house/to wed, he should not do so for since he had begun the Jewish divorce, it is fulfilled for him through [the Biblical verse] (Deuteronomy 25:9) “who will not build up [his brother’s house].”

צריכה ממנו גט – for Halitzah causes a release from her levirate relationship and the Jewish bill of divorce need to cancel his Kiddushin/betrothal for Halitzah has no legal effect on Kiddushin/betrothal.

כיצד. לאו אפלוגתא קאי אלא מילתא באנפי נפשה, ואיבם אחד ויבמה אחת קאי. והכי קאמר, כיצד דין יבם אחד ויבמה אחת:

צריכה הימנו חליצה. ואם רצה לכנוס לא יכנוס, דכיון דהתחיל בגרושין קיימא עליה בלא יבנה:

צריכה ממנו גט. דחליצה אפקעתא לזיקה, וגט בעי לאפקועי קדושין דיליה, דחליצה לא מפקעא קדושין: