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Mishnayos Yevamos Perek 13 Mishnah 1

יבמות פרק י"ג משנה א׳


The Sages decreed that in the case of a minor girl whose father died, her mother or brothers may marry her off. However, such a marriage does not have the same legal status as the marriage of an adult. Therefore, if the minor regrets having married, she is allowed to make a declaration of refusal to her husband, thereby annulling the marital bond. The Sages disagreed with regard to the details of this halakha: Beit Shammai say: Only betrothed girls may refuse. A girl may refuse, upon reaching adulthood, to remain married to the man to whom her mother or brothers married her as a minor after the death of her father. But Beit Hillel say that both betrothed and fully married girls may refuse. Beit Shammai say: Refusal may be directed only at her husband and not at her yavam. In such a situation, she must perform ḥalitza in order to dissolve the levirate bond. But Beit Hillel say: It may be directed at her husband or her yavam. Beit Shammai say: The refusal must take place specifically in the presence of the husband. But Beit Hillel say: It may take place either in his presence or in his absence. Beit Shammai say: The refusal must take place specifically in court. But Beit Hillel say: It may take place either in court, or not in court. Beit Hillel said to Beit Shammai: She may refuse as long as she is a minor, even four or five times if her relatives married her off again to another man after each refusal. Beit Shammai said to them: The daughters of Israel are not to be treated with disregard and should not be passed from one man to another. Rather, she refuses once. And then she must wait until she reaches majority, and refuse, and marry.

בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אֵין מְמָאֲנִין אֶלָּא אֲרוּסוֹת. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, אֲרוּסוֹת וּנְשׂוּאוֹת. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בַּבַּעַל וְלֹא בַיָּבָם. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בַּבַּעַל וּבַיָּבָם. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בְּפָנָיו. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בְּפָנָיו וְשֶׁלֹּא בְפָנָיו. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בְּבֵית דִּין. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בְּבֵית דִּין וְשֶׁלֹּא בְבֵית דִּין. אָמְרוּ לָהֶן בֵּית הִלֵּל לְבֵית שַׁמַּאי, מְמָאֶנֶת וְהִיא קְטַנָּה, אֲפִלּוּ אַרְבָּעָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה פְעָמִים. אָמְרוּ לָהֶן בֵּית שַׁמַּאי, אֵין בְּנוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל הֶפְקֵר, אֶלָּא מְמָאֶנֶת וּמַמְתֶּנֶת עַד שֶׁתַּגְדִּיל, וּתְמָאֵן וְתִנָּשֵׂא:


בית שמאי אומרים אין ממאנין אלא ארוסות – an orphan girl whose mother and/or brothers married her off does not protest against/refuse her marriage other than from betrothal.

בבעל – [but] if he died and she did not protest against him and fell before a levir, she does not leave with a protest/annulment, but rather, she should wait until she grows up and performs the ritual of Halitzah.

אין בנות ישראל הפקר – and even from betrothal, she should not refuse and become betrothed to another [man] and then return and protest [again], but rather, she protests/refuses this one and she should delay from becoming betrothed to another until she grows up.

ותמאן ותנשא – not to go back and to protest/annul another time. But rather, this is what he said: she protests/annuls and delays from becoming betrothed to another [man] until she grows up, or if he want to get married, she annuls/refuses her husband and gets married immediately, for furthermore she does not protest/annul, according to the School of Shammai, for she is married.

בית שמאי אומרים אין ממאנין אלא ארוסות. יתומה שהשיאוה אמה ואחיה, אינה ממאנת אלא מן הארוסין:

בבעל. אבל אם מת ולא מיאנה בו ונפלה לפני יבם, אינה יוצאה במיאון, אלא תמתין עד שתגדיל ותחלוץ:

אין בנות ישראל הפקר. ואפילו מן האירוסין לא תמאן ותיארס לאחר ותחזור ותמאן. אלא ממאנת בזה ותמתין מליארס לאחר עד שתגדיל:

תמאן ותנשא. לאו למהדר ולמאן זמנא אחריתי, אלא הכי קאמר, ממאנת וממתנת מליארס לאחר עד שתגדיל, או אם רוצה להנשא ממאנת בבעלה ותנשא מיד, דתו לא ממאנת לבית שמאי דנשואה היא: