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Mishnayos Temurah Perek 7 Mishnah 2

תמורה פרק ז׳ משנה ב׳


There are elements that apply to items consecrated for Temple maintenance that do not apply to animals consecrated for the altar, in that unspecified consecrations are designated for Temple maintenance; consecration for Temple maintenance takes effect on all items; and one is liable to bring a guilt offering and pay an additional payment of one-fifth for misuse of consecrated property, not only for the items themselves, but for their by-products, e.g., milk of a consecrated animal or eggs of a consecrated chicken; and there is no benefit for the owner from items consecrated for Temple maintenance, in contrast to some animals consecrated for the altar, e.g., a peace offering, from which there is benefit for the owner.

יֵשׁ בְּקָדְשֵׁי בֶדֶק הַבַּיִת מַה שֶּׁאֵין בְּקָדְשֵׁי מִזְבֵּחַ, שֶׁסְּתָם הֶקְדֵּשׁוֹת לְבֶדֶק הַבָּיִת. הֶקְדֵּשׁ בֶּדֶק הַבַּיִת חָל עַל הַכֹּל, וּמוֹעֲלִין בְּגִדּוּלֵיהֶן, וְאֵין בָּהֶם הֲנָאָה לְכֹהֲנִים:


חל על הכל (apply to anything) – and even to an impure animal and to stones.

ומועלין בגידוליהן (laws of sacrilege apply to that produced by them/what has grown from them)– see Tractate Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 5) – an individual who sanctifies an animal for Temple maintenance commits sacrilege through its milk, and if he dedicated a chicken, he commits sacrilege through use of its eggs, which is not the case regarding that which is sanctified to the Temple, for the milk of sanctified things and the eggs of turtle-doves one does not not derive benefit nor does not commit sacrilege.

ואין בהם הנאה לכהנים – but the Holy Things of the Altar they (i.e., the priests) have of them, as the meat is eaten by the Kohanim and there are those of them who benefit from the hide [of the animal, except for the tithe of cattle and the Passover offering].

חל על הכל. ואפילו בבהמה טמאה ובאבנים:

ומועלין בגידוליהן. שהמקדיש בהמה לבדק הבית, מועל בחלבה. ואם הקדיש תרנגולת, מועל בביצתה. משא״כ בקדשי מזבח, שחלב של מוקדשים וביצת תורים לא נהנים ולא מועלים:

ואין בהן הנאה לכהנים. אבל בקדשי מזבח יש מהם שהבשר נאכל לכהנים ויש מהן שנהנין בעור: