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Mishnayos Tamid Perek 5 Mishnah 3

תמיד פרק ה׳ משנה ג׳


The priests who did not win a lottery were still dressed in the priestly vestments that they were required to don when entering the lottery, so that if they won they would be prepared for immediate service. The appointed priest handed over these priests to the care of the attendants [laḥazanim]. The attendants would undress these priests and remove their garments, and they would leave only their trousers on them. After the priests donned their non-sacred garments, they would remove the priestly trousers and don their non-sacred trousers. And there were four storage compartments there in the Temple for the storage of priestly vestments for each priestly watch, and on each of them was written the use of the garment stored there: Trousers, tunic, belt, and mitre.

מְסָרוּם לַחַזָּנִים, הָיוּ מַפְשִׁיטִין אוֹתָם אֶת בִּגְדֵיהֶם, וְלֹא הָיוּ מַנִּיחִין עֲלֵיהֶם אֶלָּא מִכְנָסַיִם בִּלְבָד. וְחַלּוֹנוֹת הָיוּ שָׁם, וְכָתוּב עֲלֵיהֶם תַּשְׁמִישֵׁי הַכֵּלִים:


מסרום לחזנים – those Kohanim who prepared themselves but did not win in the lottery, were wearing the priestly garments, would send them to the ministers, meaning the sextans that are engaged with the needs of the Temple in order that they can strip the holy clothing that is upon them.

ולא היו מניחים עליהם אלא מכנסים בלבד – and they wear weekday clothing, and afterwards, remove the undergarments and leave all the priestly clothing and leave.

וכתוב עליהם תשמישי הכלים – the windows upon which there are the undergarment, is written upon them, “undergarments,” and those that are written upon them, “the priest’s undercoat,” is it is written on them “priest’s undercoat” and similarly for the “priest’s turban,” and the “belt.” But the order of the wearing of the clothing, the undergarments are first, to all of the rest of the rest of the holy garments, as it is written (Leviticus 6:3): “[The priest shall dress in linen raiment,] with the linen breeches next to his body,” so that there Is no thing that precedes the undergarments, and afterwards, the priest’s undercoat, and that he girds himself with a belt, and afterwards, he puts on the priest’s turban.

מסרום לחזנים. אותם כהנים שהכינו עצמם ולא זכו בפייס והיו לבושים בגדי כהונה, היו מוסרים אותם לחזנים, דהיינו השמשין העוסקים בצרכי המקדש, כדי שיפשיטום בגדי הקודש שעליהם:

ולא היו מניחים עליהם אלא מכנסים בלבד. ולובשים בגדי חול ואח״כ מפשיטים המכנסים ומניחים כל בגדי כהונה ויוצאים:

וכתוב עליהם תשמישי הכלים. החלונות שבהן מכנסים כתוב עליהן מכנסים, ואת שבהן כתונת כתוב עליהן כתונת, וכן מצנפת ואבנט. וסדר לבישת הבגדים, המכנסים תחלה לכל שאר בגדים של קודש, דכתיב (ויקרא ו׳:ג׳) ומכנסי בד ילבש על בשרו, שלא יהא דבר קודם למכנסים, ואח״כ הכתונת, ואח״כ חוגר באבנט, ואח״כ צונף במצנפת: