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Mishnayos Shabbos Perek 19 Mishnah 5

שבת פרק י"ט משנה ה׳


Although a child is generally circumcised at eight days, as the verse states: “And on the eighth day, the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised” (Leviticus 12:3), nevertheless, at times he is circumcised at nine days, at times at ten days, at eleven days, and at twelve days, no earlier and no later. How so? In his usual manner, a child is circumcised at eight days. If he was born at twilight and it is therefore uncertain on which day he was born, he is circumcised at nine days, as his circumcision is postponed due to that uncertainty, as perhaps the eighth day from his birth has not yet arrived. If he was born at twilight on Shabbat eve, he is not circumcised on the following Shabbat, due to the uncertainty whether it is the eighth or ninth day since his birth, and only a circumcision definitely performed at the appointed time overrides Shabbat. Rather, he is circumcised on Sunday, and the result is that he is circumcised at ten days. If there was a Festival after that Shabbat, he is not circumcised on the Festival either, and he is circumcised at eleven days. And if that Shabbat was followed by two days of Rosh HaShana, the result is that he is circumcised at twelve days. The mishna states another halakha: With regard to a sick child, one does not circumcise him until he becomes healthy.

קָטָן נִמּוֹל לִשְׁמֹנָה, לְתִשְׁעָה, וְלַעֲשָׂרָה, וּלְאַחַד עָשָׂר, וְלִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, לֹא פָחוֹת וְלֹא יוֹתֵר. הָא כֵּיצַד. כְּדַרְכּוֹ, לִשְׁמֹנָה. נוֹלַד לְבֵין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת, נִמּוֹל לְתִשְׁעָה. בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת שֶׁל עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, נִמּוֹל לַעֲשָׂרָה. יוֹם טוֹב לְאַחַר הַשַּׁבָּת, נִמּוֹל לְאַחַד עָשָׂר. שְׁנֵי יָמִים טוֹבִים שֶׁל רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה, נִמּוֹל לִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר. קָטָן הַחוֹלֶה, אֵין מוֹהֲלִין אוֹתוֹ עַד שֶׁיַּבְרִיא:


If he was born during twilight, he is circumcised on the ninth day as it is the eighth day from the morrow; if twighlight is still considered day, he is thus circumcised on the ninth day. If the day (preceding the twighlight during which he was born) is Friday, he can't be circumcised on the following Shabbat in case it is the ninth day and it is a postponed circumcision which does not supersede Shabbat, he must wait until after Shabbat and be circumcised on the tenth day.

חל יום טוב להיות אחר השבת – no circumcision which is [not performed] at its [appropriate] time may supersede it, and he is circumcised on the eleventh day [after his birth].

שני ימים טובים של ראש השנה – for they are one level of sanctity and a circumcision [performed] not at its appropriate time does not supersede the Festival observance of the Second Day of Rosh Hashanah; he is circumcised on the twelfth day [from the day of his birth].

עד שיבריא – and seven complete days in astronomical hours should pass from the day that he is healed, and afterwards, we circumcise him (i.e., the child).

נולד בין השמשות נמול לתשיעי. שהרי יום שמיני של מחר הוא נמול, ושמא בין השמשות יום הוא ונמול לתשיעי. היה היום ערב שבת א״א למולו בשבת הבא דשמא תשיעי הוא והויא לה מילה שלא בזמנה ואינה דוחה שבת, וצריך להמתין עד לאחר השבת שהוא עשירי:

חל יום טוב להיות אחר השבת. אין מילה שלא בזמנה דוחה אותו ונמול לאחד עשר:

שני ימים טובים של ראש השנה. דקדושה אחת הן ואין מילה שלא בזמנה דוחה את יום טוב השני של ראש השנה, נימול לי״ב:

עד שיבריא. ויעברו עליו שבעה ימים שלמים מעת לעת מיום שהבריא ואחר כך מלין אותו: