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Mishnayos Shabbos Perek 16 Mishnah 6

שבת פרק ט"ז משנה ו׳


If a gentile comes to extinguish a Jew’s fire on Shabbat, one may not say to him: Extinguish, and: Do not extinguish, because responsibility for his rest is not incumbent upon the Jew. However, if a Jewish child comes to extinguish a fire on Shabbat, they do not listen to him and allow him to extinguish it, even though he is not yet obligated in mitzva observance, because responsibility for his rest is incumbent upon the Jew.

נָכְרִי שֶׁבָּא לְכַבּוֹת, אֵין אוֹמְרִים לוֹ כַּבֵּה וְאַל תְּכַבֶּה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין שְׁבִיתָתוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן, אֲבָל קָטָן שֶׁבָּא לְכַבּוֹת, אֵין שׁוֹמְעִין לוֹ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁשְּׁבִיתָתוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן:


אין אומרים לו כבה – for telling a heathen [to extinguish] because his abstention from labor [is no concern of theirs].

ואל תכבה – one does not need to warn them but he should leave him alone and he will put it (i.e., the fire) out because his abstention from labor is no concern of theirs, because the Israelite/Jew is not warned about the abstention from labor of a heathen who is not his servant.

אין אומרים לו כבה. דאמירה לנכרי שבות:

ואל תכבה. אין צריך למחות בידו, אלא יניחנו ויכבה מפני שאין שביתת הנכרי עליהם, דישראל אינו מוזהר על שביתת הנכרי כשאינו עבדו: