Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Shabbos Perek 13 Mishnah 7

שבת פרק י"ג משנה ז׳


If one person sat in the entrance of a courtyard in which there is a deer, but did not fill the entire doorway, and a second person sat and filled it, the second person is liable because he completed the labor of trapping. However, if the first person sat in the doorway and filled it, and a second person came and sat next to him, the first person is liable and the second is exempt even if the first person stood and went away, leaving the second one to secure the deer. The mishna explains: To what is this second person’s action similar? To one who locks his house to secure it, and it turns out a deer that was trapped before Shabbat is also secured inside it. In that case, he is exempt even though he enhances security on the deer, because he did not trap the animal.

יָשַׁב הָאֶחָד עַל הַפֶּתַח וְלֹא מִלְּאָהוּ, יָשַׁב הַשֵּׁנִי וּמִלְּאָהוּ, הַשֵּׁנִי חַיָּב. יָשַׁב הָרִאשׁוֹן עַל הַפֶּתַח וּמִלְּאָהוּ, וּבָא הַשֵּׁנִי וְיָשַׁב בְּצִדּוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁעָמַד הָרִאשׁוֹן וְהָלַךְ לוֹ, הָרִאשׁוֹן חַיָּב וְהַשֵּׁנִי פָּטוּר. הָא לְמַה זֶּה דוֹמֶה, לְנוֹעֵל אֶת בֵּיתוֹ לְשָׁמְרוֹ וְנִמְצָא צְבִי שָׁמוּר בְּתוֹכוֹ:


השני חייב – for he (i.e., the second person) hunted it (i.e., the animal).

הא למה זה דומה – after it was hunted by the first [person], to locking [the door of] the house to guard it, and not to hunt [it].

ונמצא צבי – hat was already hunted being guarded inside it, such is this, that even though the first person stood up, this is not other than as a guard of the deer that he had from yesterday and the second [person] is exempt [from liability for a sin-offering] as is stated in our Mishnah that he is exempt and permitted.

השני חייב. שהוא צד אותו:

הא למה זה דומה. מאחר שנצוד ע״י ראשון:

לנועל את ביתו לשמרו. ולא לצוד:

ונמצא צבי. שהוא נצוד כבר שמור בתוכו, כך זה אף על פי שעמד ראשון אין זה אלא כשומרו לצבי שהיה לו מאתמול. והשני פטור האמור במתניתין, פטור ומותר: