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Mishnayos Shabbos Perek 13 Mishnah 6

שבת פרק י"ג משנה ו׳


If a deer entered a house on its own and one locked the door before it, he is liable for trapping. If two people locked the door, they are exempt, because neither performed a complete labor. If one person is incapable of locking the door and two people locked it, they are liable because that is the typical manner of performing that labor. And Rabbi Shimon deems them exempt as he holds that two people who perform a single labor are never liable by Torah law.

צְבִי שֶׁנִּכְנַס לַבַּיִת וְנָעַל אֶחָד בְּפָנָיו, חַיָּב. נָעֲלוּ שְׁנַיִם, פְּטוּרִין. לֹא יָכֹל אֶחָד לִנְעֹל וְנָעֲלוּ שְׁנַיִם, חַיָּבִין. וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן פּוֹטֵר:


צבי שנכנס – [a deer who enters] on its own into the house and someone locks [the door] before him, that is his “hunting.”

נעלו שנים פטורים - because two have done it (i.e., neither of them completed the act on his own).

לא יכול אחד לנעול – it is the manner to lock it in with two [people], each of them has [performed] a [forbidden] labor that without him [doing so], it would not have been accomplished.

ור"ש פוטר – but the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Shimon.

צבי שנכנס. מאליו לבית ונעל אחד בפניו, זו היא צידתו:

נעלו שנים פטורים. דהוו להו שנים שעשאוה:

לא יכול אחד לנעול. אורחיה הוא לנועלו בשנים והרי לכל אחד מלאכה דבלאו איהו לא מתעבדה:

ורבי שמעון פוטר. ואין הלכה כר״ש: