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Mishnayos Shabbos Perek 11 Mishnah 6

שבת פרק י"א משנה ו׳


One who unwittingly throws an object from one domain to another or one who throws an object four cubits within the public domain, and after the object left his hand he remembered that he is in violation of a prohibition, if another caught it, or if a dog caught it, or if it was burned, he is exempt. Similarly, if one threw a rock on Shabbat to inflict a wound on a person or on an animal, for which one is liable to bring a sin-offering, and he remembered that he was in violation of a prohibition before the wound was inflicted, he is exempt. This is the principle: All who are liable to bring sin-offerings are only liable if the beginning of their action and the conclusion of their action are unwitting. However, if the beginning of one’s action was unwitting and the conclusion was intentional, as he became aware that he was in violation of a prohibition, or if the beginning of one’s action was intentional and the conclusion was unwitting, the individuals in both of these cases are exempt until both the beginning and the conclusion are unwitting.

הַזּוֹרֵק וְנִזְכַּר לְאַחַר שֶׁיָּצְתָה מִיָּדוֹ, קְלָטָהּ אַחֵר, קְלָטָהּ כֶּלֶב, אוֹ שֶׁנִּשְׂרְפָה, פָּטוּר. זָרַק לַעֲשׂוֹת חַבּוּרָה, בֵּין בְּאָדָם בֵּין בִּבְהֵמָה, וְנִזְכַּר עַד שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה חַבּוּרָה, פָּטוּר. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כָּל חַיָּבֵי חַטָּאוֹת אֵינָן חַיָּבִין עַד שֶׁתְּהֵא תְחִלָּתָן וְסוֹפָן שְׁגָגָה. תְּחִלָּתָן שְׁגָגָה וְסוֹפָן זָדוֹן, תְּחִלָּתָן זָדוֹן וְסוֹפָן שְׁגָגָה, פְּטוּרִין, עַד שֶׁתְּהֵא תְחִלָּתָן וְסוֹפָן שְׁגָגָה:


הזורק – [he throws] on the Sabbath inadvertently and is reminded that it is Shabbat after the stone left from under his hand before it came to rest, even if another did not receive/intercept it, but rather it came to rest in a natural manner, he is exempt, for such is taught further on [in our Mishnah] : until its beginning and its end are inadvertent,” for this, its beginning is inadvertent and its end is on purpose/wanton, for since he was reminded that it was Shabbat prior to it coming to a rest, and our Mishnah, this is how it to be explained: A person who throws and then is reminded [that it is Shabbat] after it left from under his hand; alternatively, he was not reminded until the other [person] intercepted/received it, etc., for this is a case where two who performed this act, they are exempt; for if it came to rest, he Is liable to a sin offering in the four cubits when he returned and forgot, but if he didn’t return and forgot, he is exempt, for all those liable for a sin offering, etc.

זה הכלל – which includes also transferring an object form place to place – for if he uprooted it inadvertently and was reminded that it was Shabbat prior his putting it down, he is exempt.

הזורק. בשבת בשוגג, ונזכר שהוא שבת לאחר שיצאת האבן מתחת ידו קודם שתנוח, אפילו לא קלטה אחר אלא שנחה כדרכה פטור, דהכי תנן לקמן עד שתהא תחלתן וסופן בשגגה, והאי תחלתו בשגגה וסופו מזיד, הואיל ונזכר שהוא שבת קודם שתנוח. ומתניתין הכי מיפרשא הזורק ונזכר לאחר שיצאה מתחת ידו, אי נמי לא נזכר אלא שקלטה אחר וכו׳ פטור, דהוה ליה שנים שעשאוה פטורים, הא נחה חייב חטאת, במה דברים אמורים כשחזר ושכח, אבל לא חזר ושכח פטור שכל חייבי וכו׳:

זה הכלל. לאתויי נמי מעביר חפץ ממקום למקום, שאם עקר בשגגה ונזכר שהוא שבת קודם שיניח, פטור: