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Mishnayos Sanhedrin Perek 3 Mishnah 5

סנהדרין פרק ג׳ משנה ה׳


One who loves or one who hates one of the litigants is also disqualified. With regard to one who loves one of the litigants, this is referring to his groomsman. One who hates is referring to anyone who, out of enmity, did not speak with the litigant for three days. The Rabbis said to Rabbi Yehuda: The Jewish people are not suspected of bearing false witness due to love or hate.

הָאוֹהֵב וְהַשּׂוֹנֵא. אוֹהֵב, זֶה שׁוּשְׁבִינוֹ. שׂוֹנֵא, כָּל שֶׁלֹּא דִבֶּר עִמּוֹ שְׁלֹשָׁה יָמִים בְּאֵיבָה. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, לֹא נֶחְשְׁדוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל כָּךְ:


שושבינו – this friend from the days of his wedding, he is ineligible to him all the days of the wedding [week].

לא נחשדו ישראל על כך – to testify falsehoods because of enmity and love. And such is the Halakha. And especially in testimony, the Rabbis dispute this, but by law, the Rabbis admit that he is ineligible to judge, for if he would be merciful to him, he would not be to see him as guilty; and it he hates him, he would not be able to reverse his ruling to make him innocent.

שושבינו. רעהו בימי חופתו, פסול לו כל ימי החופה:

לא נחשדו ישראל על כך. להעיד שקר משום איבה ואהבה. וכן הלכה. ודוקא בעדות פליגי רבנן עליה. אבל בדין מודו רבנן דפסול לו לדון, דאי רחים ליה אינו רואה לו חובה, ואי סני ליה לא מצי לאפוכי בזכותיה: