Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Pesachim Perek 9 Mishnah 8

פסחים פרק ט׳ משנה ח׳


In the case of a Paschal lamb that was intermingled with other offerings, such as guilt-offerings and burnt-offerings, and it is not known which animal was separated for which offering, all of them are left to graze until they develop a blemish and become unfit; and they are then sold, and with the proceeds of the choicest of them he must bring this type of sacrifice, and with the proceeds of the choicest of them he must bring this other type of sacrifice, meaning that he must purchase one of each type of sacrifice that was intermingled at the value of the most expensive animal in the group. And he loses the difference from his own pocket. Not all the offerings were as expensive as the most valuable animal in the group, yet he must purchase an animal for each type of offering for the value of the most expensive animal in the group. If a Paschal lamb was intermingled with firstborn animals, Rabbi Shimon says: If those whose offerings became mixed together were groups of priests, they may eat all of the animals on Passover night. This is because priests are permitted to eat the meat of a firstborn animal, and the slaughter and other services for a firstborn animal are the same as those for a Paschal lamb. The attending priests should state that they intend to sacrifice as a Paschal lamb whichever animal is the Paschal lamb and to sacrifice as a firstborn animal whichever animal is a firstborn.

הַפֶּסַח שֶׁנִּתְעָרֵב בִּזְבָחִים, כֻּלָּן יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ, וְיִמָּכְרוּ, וְיָבִיא בִדְמֵי הַיָּפֶה שֶׁבָּהֶן מִמִּין זֶה, וּבִדְמֵי הַיָּפֶה שֶׁבָּהֶן מִמִּין זֶה, וְיַפְסִיד הַמּוֹתָר מִבֵּיתוֹ. נִתְעָרֵב בִּבְכוֹרוֹת, רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אִם חֲבוּרַת כֹּהֲנִים, יֹאכֵלוּ:


הפסח שנתערב – three lambs, one of the Passover offering, one of a guilt-offering and one of a burnt offering, that were confused, all of them should be sent out to pasture until they suffer a blemish.

ויביא בדמי היפה שבהן – a burnt offering since perhaps the burnt offering was the best [of them]. And with the money from the best of them is a guilt offering for perhaps the best [of them] was a guilt offering, and with the money of the best of them was a Passover offering, if the Passover offering was first, all of them are to be set out to pasture, but if after the Passover offering they were set out to practice, he should bring them (i.e., the replacement lambs) for peace offerings since it is possible that the best of them was the Passover offering. And that difference in cost that it is necessary to add on to the other two until they reach the price of the best, he loses from his own [funds]. And how does he do it? If the best of them (i.e., of the three) was worth a Sela, he brings three Sela from his home (i.e., his own pocket) and takes the one Sela and says: In every place where it is a burnt offering, it is redeemed with by this Sela, and he brings from it a burnt offering. And he takes the second Sela and says: Every place where it is a guilt offering, it is redeemed by this Sela, and he brings this guilt offering for it, and similarly for the peace offering.

נתערב הפסח בכבורות – for the giving of them worth (i.e. for firstlings) and the worth of the Passover offering are similar.

ר' שמעון אומר אם חבורת כהנים יאכלו – all of them at that evening, for the firstlings are fed to the Priests. And he should offer the Passover offering for the sake of the Passover in every place where he is, and the offering of the Firstlings, in every place where they are at, and even though they are lessened at the time of the consumption of the firstling, for the firstling is eaten for two days and one night and now, we don’t eat it other than until midnight like the time [for the eating] of the Passover offering, and it is found that they would bring holy things into a house of impurity; Rabbi Shimon holds that one can bring holy things to the house of impurity; but the Rabbis dispute this and say that they should all be sent out to pasture until they become unclean and he should bring the money from the cost of the best of them as we have mentioned concerning the Passover offering that was mixed with the animal offerings. And the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Shimon.

הפסח שנתערב. שלשה טלאים, אחד של פסח ואחד של אשם ואחד של עולה, שנתערבו. כולן ירעו עד שיסתאבו:

ויביא בדמי היפה שבהן. עולה דשמא היפה עולה היה. ובדמי היפה שבהן אשם דשמא היפה אשם היה. ובדמי היפה שבהן פסח אם קודם הפסח נסתאבו כולן, ואם לאחר הפסח נסתאבו יביאם לשלמים דשמא היפה פסח היה. ואותו מותר שצריך להוסיף על הב׳ עד שיגיעו לדמי היפה, יפסיד משלו. וכיצד עושה, אם היפה שבהן שוה סלע, מביא ג׳ סלעים מביתו ונוטל הסלע האחד ואומר, כל מקום שהיא העולה הרי היא מחוללת על סלע זו, ויביא ממנו עולה. ונוטל הסלע הב׳ ואומר, כל מקום שהוא אשם הרי הוא מחולל על סלע זו, ויביא בו אשם. וכן לשלמים:

נתערב הפסח בבכורות. שמתן דמם ודם הפסח שוה:

ר׳ שמעון אומר אם חבורת כהנים יאכלו. כולן בו בלילה, שהבכור נאכל לכהנים. ויקרב פסח לשם פסח בכ״מ שהוא, ובכורות לשם בכורות בכל מקום שהן, ואף ע״פ שהן ממעטין בזמן אכילת הבכור, שהבכור נאכל לשני ימים ולילה אחד ועכשיו אין אוכלין אותו אלא עד חצות כזמן הפסח ונמצאו מביאין קדשים לבית הפסול, ר״ש סבר שיכולין להביא קדשים לבית הפסול, ורבנן פליגי עליה ואמרי ירעו כולן עד שיסתאבו ויביא מעות בדמי היפה שבהן כדאמרן בפסח שנתערב בזבחים. ואין הלכה כר״ש: