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Mishnayos Pesachim Perek 5 Mishnah 9

פסחים פרק ה׳ משנה ט׳


How would one suspend and flay the Paschal lamb in the Temple? Iron hooks [unkelayot] were secured into the walls and pillars, and upon them one would suspend the offering and flay it. If anyone lacked a place among the hooks in the Temple courtyard to suspend and flay the offering, there were thin, smooth rods there, which he would place on his own shoulder and on another’s shoulder, and from it he would suspend the offering and flay it. Rabbi Eliezer says: When the fourteenth of Nisan occurred on Shabbat, when moving the rods is prohibited (Rambam), he would rest his hand on another’s shoulder and the other’s hand on his own shoulder and suspend the offering and flay it.

כֵּיצַד תּוֹלִין וּמַפְשִׁיטִין, אֻנְקְלָיוֹת שֶׁל בַּרְזֶל הָיוּ קְבוּעִים בַּכְּתָלִים וּבָעַמּוּדִים, שֶׁבָּהֶן תּוֹלִין וּמַפְשִׁיטִין. וְכָל מִי שֶׁאֵין לוֹ מָקוֹם לִתְלוֹת וּלְהַפְשִׁיט, מַקְלוֹת דַּקִּים חֲלָקִים הָיוּ שָׁם, וּמֵנִיחַ עַל כְּתֵפוֹ וְעַל כֶּתֶף חֲבֵרוֹ, וְתוֹלֶה וּמַפְשִׁיט. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר שֶׁחָל לִהְיוֹת בְּשַׁבָּת, מֵנִיחַ יָדוֹ עַל כֶּתֶף חֲבֵרוֹ, וְיַד חֲבֵרוֹ עַל כְּתֵפוֹ, וְתוֹלֶה וּמַפְשִׁיט:


אונקליות – nails whose heads were bent from above.

ובעמודים – that were set up in the slaughter house, in the courtyard were small pillars that were called “stumped”/”dwarfed” (see Mishnah Tamid, Chapter 3, Mishnah 5).

חלקים – their scales/skin was branched off/forked.

שחל להיות בשבת – and they are not able to carry the poles.

ידו על כתף חבירו – and they hang it on the membrum of his knees with his arm. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Eliezer, for it is permitted to carry the poles since there is no prohibition of acts as Sh’vut (forbidden by the Rabbis as out of harmony with the celebration of the day) in the Temple (see Pesahim 65a).

אונקליות. מסמרים שראשיהן כפופים למעלה:

ובעמודים. שהיו קבועין בבית המטבחים בעזרה עמודים קטנים נקראים ננסים:

חלקים. מפוצלות קליפתן:

שחל להיות בשבת. ואין יכול לטלטל המקלות:

ידו על כתף חבירו. ותולה אותו בגידי ארכובותיו בזרועו. ואין הלכה כר״א. שמותר לטלטל אותן המקלות דאין שבות במקדש: