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Mishnayos Pesachim Perek 10 Mishnah 7

פסחים פרק י׳ משנה ז׳


They poured for the leader of the seder the third cup of wine, and he recites the blessing over his food, Grace After Meals. Next, they pour him the fourth cup. He completes hallel over it, as he already recited the first part of hallel before the meal. And he also recites the blessing of the song at the end of hallel over the fourth cup. During the period between these cups, i.e., the first three cups established by the Sages, if one wishes to drink more he may drink; however, between the third cup and the fourth cup one should not drink.

מָזְגוּ לוֹ כוֹס שְׁלִישִׁי, מְבָרֵךְ עַל מְזוֹנוֹ. רְבִיעִי, גּוֹמֵר עָלָיו אֶת הַהַלֵּל, וְאוֹמֵר עָלָיו בִּרְכַּת הַשִּׁיר. בֵּין הַכּוֹסוֹת הַלָּלוּ, אִם רוֹצֶה לִשְׁתּוֹת, יִשְׁתֶּה. בֵּין שְׁלִישִׁי לָרְבִיעִי, לֹא יִשְׁתֶּה:


ברכת שיר – there are those who say, “The soul of all that lives [shall bless Your name]…” and there are those who say, “All Your works will praise You….” And it is has become the practice to recite both.

בין שלישי לרביעי לא ישתה – so that he not become inebriated and further, he would be unable to complete the Hallel (i.e., Psalms 113-118).. And if one would say that he is already inebriated, for he drank to his desires during the course of the meal, wine that is partaken of during the meal does not make one drunk; wine after the meal makes one drunk.

ברכת השיר. אית דאמרי נשמת כל חי. ואית דאמרי יהללוך ה׳ כל מעשיך. ונהגו למימרינהו לתרוייהו:

בין שלישי לרביעי לא ישתה. שלא ישתכר ושוב לא יוכל לגמור את ההלל. ואם תאמר כבר משוכר הוא שהרי שתה כל רצונו בתוך הסעודה, יין שבתוך המזון אינו משכר, ושלאחר המזון משכר: