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Mishnayos Niddah Perek 4 Mishnah 6

נדה פרק ד׳ משנה ו׳


A woman who experiences labor pains within eighty days of giving birth to a female, e.g., she conceived during the sixty-six days of purity, or she initially conceived twins and she gave birth to a female and the birth of the second fetus was delayed, all blood that she sees is ritually pure, as she is currently within her days of purity. And this remains the halakha until the child emerges from the womb, at which point she is rendered impure as a woman who gives birth. And Rabbi Eliezer deems ritually impure the blood that occurs due to these labor pains. The Rabbis said to Rabbi Eliezer: And what, if in an instance where the verse was stringent with regard to blood emitted while resting, namely if a pregnant woman emits blood after her days of purity without any labor pains she is rendered impure, the verse was lenient with regard to blood that accompanies the labor pains; then in an instance where the verse was lenient with regard to blood emitted while resting, i.e., during a woman’s days of purity, is it not right that we will be lenient with regard to blood that accompanies the labor pains? Rabbi Eliezer said to them: When deriving a halakha by means of an a fortiori inference, there is a principle that it is sufficient for the conclusion that emerges from an a fortiori inference to be like its source. In other words, the status of blood emitted due to labor pains during her days of purity should not be more lenient than that of blood emitted due to labor pains after her days of purity. Rabbi Eliezer elaborates: Concerning what type of impurity was the verse lenient with regard to a woman who experiences an emission of blood due to labor pains? Concerning the impurity of ziva. But she may still be rendered ritually impure with the impurity of a menstruating woman. So too, if a woman experiences emissions of blood due to labor pains during her days of purity, she is rendered a menstruating woman.

הַמַּקְשָׁה בְתוֹךְ שְׁמוֹנִים שֶׁל נְקֵבָה, כָּל דָּמִים שֶׁהִיא רוֹאָה, טְהוֹרִים, עַד שֶׁיֵּצֵא הַוָּלָד. וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַמֵּא. אָמְרוּ לוֹ לְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, וּמַה בִּמְקוֹם שֶׁהֶחְמִיר בְּדַם הַשֹּׁפִי, הֵקֵל בְּדַם הַקֹּשִׁי, מְקוֹם שֶׁהֵקֵל בְּדַם הַשֹּׁפִי, אֵינוֹ דִין שֶׁנָּקֵל בְּדַם הַקֹּשִׁי. אָמַר לָהֶן, דַּיּוֹ לַבָּא מִן הַדִּין לִהְיוֹת כַּנִּדּוֹן, מִמַּה הֵקֵל עָלֶיהָ, מִטֻּמְאַת זִיבָה, אֲבָל טְמֵאָה טֻמְאַת נִדָּה:


המקשה בתוך שמונים של נקבה – as for example, that she engaged in sexual intercourse [after immersing in a Mikveh] fourteen days after giving birth [to a female] and became pregnant and then aborted [the fetus] within eighty days.

כל דמים שהיא רואה טהורים – for all of it is within the completion [of her period of purification], which is the blood of purity.

ור' אליעזר מטמא – [she is defiled as] a menstruant woman/Niddah. For since it (i.e., the blood) came through hard labor, it is not the blood of purity, but rather on account of the fetus that is in her womb. But the All-Merciful (i.e., God) purifies it from her being in flux on account of her labor, but not from being a menstruant woman.

שהחמיר בדם השופי - as for example, the other women giving birth who see three days of relief and then gave birth, is a woman who gives birth with a flux.

היקל בדם הקושי – to purify her from her flux.

מקום שהיקל בדם השופי – to purify her from all defilement, as for example, within her completion [of the period of purification].

אינו דין שנקל בדם הקושי – to purify the blood from all defilements and even from being a menstruating woman.

דיו לבא מן הדין [להיות כנדון] – as for example the labor that is within the completion that [of the period of purification following the birth of a child] that you learn from the undefined period of labor, it is enough to be like that which is judged to be like an undefined period of labor, for just as an undefined period of labor – the woman is defiled as a menstruating woman, so the labor that is within the completion [of that period of purification following the birth of a child] is defiled with the status of being a menstruating woman/Niddah.

המקשה בתוך שמונים של נקבה. כגון ששמשה לאחר ארבעה עשר של ימי לידה ונתעברה והפילה בתוך שמונים:

כל דמים שהיא רואה טהורים. דכל תוך מלאת הוי דם טהור:

ור׳ אליעזר מטמא. נדה. דכיון דבקושי בא, לאו דם טוהר הוא אלא מחמת ולד שבמעיה, ומזיבה הוא דטהריה רחמנא לקשוי, ולא מנדה:

שהחמיר בדם השופי. כגון שאר יולדת שרואה שלשה בשופי וילדה, הרי זו יולדת בזוב:

היקל בדם הקושי. לטהרה מזיבה:

מקום שהיקל בדם השופי. לטהרה מכל טומאה, כגון תוך מלאת:

אינו דין שנקל בדם הקושי. לטהרו מכל טומאות ואפילו מנדה:

דיו לבא מן הדין. כגון קושי של תוך מלאת שאתם למדים מקושי של עלמא, דיו להיות כנדון כקושי דעלמא, מה קושי דעלמא. טמא בנדה, אף קושי דתוך מלאת טמא בנדה: