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Mishnayos Negaim Perek 14 Mishnah 9

נגעים פרק י"ד משנה ט׳


[The metzora] put in his head inside and [the priest] applied [the blood] to the tip of his ear; [He put in] his hand and [the priest] applied [the blood] to the thumb of his hand. [He put in] his foot and [the priest] applied [the blood] to the big toe of his foot. Rabbi Judah says: he put in all three at the same time. If he had no thumb on his hand or no big toe on his foot or no right ear he could never become clean. Rabbi Eliezer says: [the blood] is applied to the place where they were. Rabbi Shimon says: if he applied it to the left side, the obligation has been fulfilled.

הִכְנִיס רֹאשׁוֹ, וְנָתַן עַל תְּנוּךְ אָזְנוֹ. יָדוֹ, וְנָתַן עַל בֹּהֶן יָדוֹ. רַגְלוֹ, וְנָתַן עַל בֹּהֶן רַגְלוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שְׁלָשְׁתָּם הָיָה מַכְנִיס כְּאֶחָד. אֵין לוֹ בֹּהֶן יָד, בֹּהֶן רֶגֶל, אֹזֶן יְמָנִית, אֵין לוֹ טָהֳרָה עוֹלָמִית. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, נוֹתֵן הוּא עַל מְקוֹמָן. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אִם נָתַן עַל שֶׁל שְׂמֹאל, יָצָא:


הכניס ראשו (he put his head inside) – because someone who requires a ceremony of atonement does not enter in the Israelite courtyard, and the blood of the guilt-offering (i.e., reparation offering) was invalidated by leaving if he went outside of the courtyard, therefore, the leper would stand in the Gate of Nikanor which was between the Courtyard of the Women and the Courtyard of the Israelites, but he puts his head inside the courtyard until they place the gifts on his earlobe, and he puts his hand and foot in until he (i.e., the Kohen) places it (i.e., the blood) on his right thumb and right big-toe.

תנוך (the ridge) – this is the middle partition of an ear.

רבי יהודה אומר וכו' – but the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Yehuda.

אין לו טהרה עולמית – for we require as it is written in Scripture. And especially that his ear was lopped off/mutilated or his [right] thumbs/big toes after they were made dependent upon purification.

רבי אליעזר אומר נותן הוא על מקומו (Rabbi Eliezer states: He puts It (i.e., the blood) on their place) – for we don’t require it as it is written in Scripture. But the Halakha is not according to Rabi Eliezer. And similarly, the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Shimon who stated that if he put it on his left [thumb and left toe] he has fulfilled his obligation.

הכניס ראשו. לפי שעזרת ישראל אין מחוסר כפורים נכנס לה, ודם האשם היה נפסל ביוצא אם יצא חוץ לעזרה, לפיכך היה המצורע עומד בשער ניקנור שהוא בין עזרת נשים לעזרת ישראל, ומכניס ראשו לתוך העזרה עד שנותנים המתנות על תנוך אזנו, ומכניס ידו ורגלו עד שיתן על בהונותיו:

תנוך. זה גדר האמצעי של אוזן:

רבי יהודה אומר וכו׳ ואין הלכה כרבי יהודה:

אין לו טהרה עולמית. דבעינן כדכתיב בקרא. ודוקא שנקטעה אזנו או בהונותיו לאחר שהוזקק לטהרה:

רבי אליעזר אומר נותן הוא על מקומן. דלא בעינן כדכתיב בקרא. ואין הלכה כרבי אליעזר. וכן אין הלכה כרבי שמעון דאמר אם נתן על של שמאל יצא: