Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Negaim Perek 14 Mishnah 8

נגעים פרק י"ד משנה ח׳


He comes to the guilt-offering and he puts his two hands on it. He then slaughters it. Two priests receive its blood, one in a vessel and the other in his hand. He who received it in the vessel proceeded to sprinkle it on the wall of the altar. The one who received it in his hand would approach the metzora. The metzora had in the meantime immersed himself in the chamber of the metzoraim. He would come and stand at the Nikanor gate. Rabbi Judah says: he did not require immersion.

בָּא לוֹ אֵצֶל הָאָשָׁם, וְסָמַךְ שְׁתֵּי יָדָיו עָלָיו, וּשְׁחָטוֹ, וְקִבְּלוּ שְׁנֵי כֹהֲנִים אֶת דָּמוֹ, אֶחָד בִּכְלִי, וְאֶחָד בַּיָּד. זֶה שֶׁקִּבֵּל בַּכְּלִי, בָּא וּזְרָקוֹ עַל קִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וְזֶה שֶׁקִּבֵּל בַּיָּד, בָּא לוֹ אֵצֶל הַמְּצֹרָע. וְהַמְּצֹרָע טָבַל בְּלִשְׁכַּת הַמְּצֹרָעִים. בָּא וְעָמַד בְּשַׁעַר נִקָּנוֹר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, לֹא הָיָה צָרִיךְ טְבִילָה:


וסמך שתי ידיו עליו – but prior to laying his hands upon it, it requires waving, for the guilt offering of a leper requires waving/shaking it live (see Leviticus 14:24: “The priest shall take the lamb of reparation offering – i.e., the guilt offering – and the LOG of oil, and elevate them as an elevation offering before the LORD"/"והניף אתם הכהן תנופה לפני ה'" ).

ואחד ביד – as it is written (Leviticus 14:14): “The priest shall take some of the blood of the reparation offering (i.e., the guilt offering) and the priest shall put it on the ridge of the right ear of him who is being purified l[and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot].” Just as the placing is done by the Kohen’s essence himself, even the receiving [of the blood] is done by the Kohen essence himself.

אינו צריך טבילה – for he had already immersed the previous evening, as it is written (Leviticus 14:9): “On the seventh day he shall shave off all his hair…he shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water.” But the Sages state, for since he is likely to [be susceptible for] uncleanness, lest he did not guard himself properly in purity and became defiled after he immersed [in a Mikveh], therefore he requires another immersion from doubt. But the Halakha is according to the Sages.

וסמך שתי ידיו עליו. וקודם סמיכה היה טעון תנופה, שאשם מצורע טעון תנופה חי:

ואחד ביד. דכתיב (ויקרא י״ד:כ״ה) ולקח הכהן ונתן על תנוך אוזן המיטהר, מה נתינה בעצמו של כהן, אף קבלה בעצמו של כהן:

אינו צריך טבילה. שכבר טבל מבערב, כדכתיב [שם] והיה ביום השביעי יגלח וגו׳ וכבס בגדיו ורחץ בשרו במים. וחכמים אומרים, הואיל והיה עלול לטומאה, שמא לא שמר עצמו בטהרה כראוי ונטמא אחר שטבל, לפיכך צריך טבילה אחרת מספק. והלכה כחכמים: