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Mishnayos Nedarim Perek 10 Mishnah 4

נדרים פרק י׳ משנה ד׳


The practice of Torah scholars is to ensure that a woman about to be married should not be encumbered by any vows. A father, before his daughter would leave him through marriage, would say to her: All vows that you vowed in my house are hereby nullified. And similarly, the husband, before she would enter his jurisdiction, i.e., while they were still betrothed, would say to her: All vows that you vowed before you entered my jurisdiction are hereby nullified. This was necessary because once she enters his jurisdiction he cannot nullify the vows she made before that.

דֶּרֶךְ תַּלְמִידֵי חֲכָמִים, עַד שֶׁלֹּא הָיְתָה בִתּוֹ יוֹצְאָה מֵאֶצְלוֹ, אוֹמֵר לָהּ, כָּל נְדָרִים שֶׁנָּדַרְתְּ בְּתוֹךְ בֵּיתִי, הֲרֵי הֵן מוּפָרִין. וְכֵן הַבַּעַל עַד שֶׁלֹּא תִכָּנֵס לִרְשׁוּתוֹ, אוֹמֵר לָהּ, כָּל נְדָרִים שֶׁנָּדַרְתְּ עַד שֶׁלֹּא תִכָּנְסִי לִרְשׁוּתִי, הֲרֵי הֵן מוּפָרִין, שֶׁמִּשֶּׁתִּכָּנֵס לִרְשׁוּתוֹ אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהָפֵר:


עד שלא היתה בתו יוצא מאצלו – prior to her coming to the domain of the husband. And similarly the betrothed man says to her the same thing.

עד שלא תכנס לרשותו – since from when she enters into his domain, he cannot annul [her vows], for the husband cannot annul what proceeded, and we learn from our Mishnah that the husband can annul the vows of his wife even without hearing [about it], since it is taught [in the Mishnah]: “And so the husband before she enters his domain, says to her, etc.”

עד שלא היתה בתו יוצאה מאצלו. קודם שתבא לרשות הבעל. וכן הארוס אומר לה כן:

עד שלא תכנס לרשותו. שמשנכנסה לרשותו אינו יכול להפר, שאין הבעל מפר בקודמין. ושמעינן ממתניתין שהבעל יכול להפר נדרי אשתו אפילו בלא שמיעה, מדקתני וכן הבעל עד שלא תכנס לרשותו אומר וכו׳: