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Mishnayos Nazir Perek 6 Mishnah 2

נזיר פרק ו׳ משנה ב׳


And furthermore, a nazirite is liable to receive lashes for consuming wine by itself, and for grapes by themselves, and for ḥartzannim by themselves, and for zaggim by themselves, as each of these is forbidden separately by the Torah. Rabbi Elazar ben Azarya says: He is liable only if he eats an olive-bulk that includes at least two ḥartzannim and one zag, in accordance with the verse “From ḥartzannim to zag” (Numbers 6:4), where the first term is in the plural and the second in the singular. The mishna discusses the meaning of these terms: Which parts are ḥartzannim and which are zaggim? The ḥartzannim are the outside parts, the skin of the grape, while the zaggim are the inner parts, the seeds. This is the statement of Rabbi Yehuda. Rabbi Yosei says: The opposite is the case and this is the mnemonic so that you should not err: It is like a bell [zog] worn by an animal, in which the outer part, which corresponds to the skin of a grape, is called zog, and the inner portion of the bell, the clapper, which corresponds to the seeds in a grape, is called inbal.

וְחַיָּב עַל הַיַּיִן בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ, וְעַל הָעֲנָבִים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן, וְעַל הַחַרְצַנִּים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן, וְעַל הַזַּגִּים בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָן. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַד שֶׁיֹּאכַל שְׁנֵי חַרְצַנִּים וְזַגָּן. אֵלּוּ הֵן חַרְצַנִּים וְאֵלּוּ הֵן זַגִּים, הַחַרְצַנִּים אֵלּוּ הַחִיצוֹנִים, הַזַּגִּים אֵלּוּ הַפְּנִימִים, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, שֶׁלֹּא תִטְעֶה, כְּזוֹג שֶׁל בְּהֵמָה, הַחִיצוֹן זוֹג וְהַפְּנִימִי עִנְבָּל:


עד שיאכלו שני חרצנים וזגן – as it is written (Numbers 6:4): “he may not eat anything that is obtained from the grapevine, even seeds or skin,” and the least amount of חרצנים/exteriors is two, and they each have one זג/interior [of grapes], but the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Eleazar ben Azariah, but rather, one who eats from the exterior and/or the interior is not flogged until he eats from them [in total] an olive’s bulk.

רבי יוסי אומר שלא תטעה – Rabbi Yossi would give a sign that one shouldn’t err.

זוג של בהמה – for the exterior is called a זוג/exterior.

עד שיאכל שני חרצנים וזגן. דכתיב (במדבר ו׳:ד׳) מחרצנים ועד זג, ומיעוט חרצנים שנים ויש להם זג אחד. ואין הלכה כרבי אלעזר בן עזריה, אלא האוכל מן החרצן והזג אינו לוקה עד שיאכל מהן כזית:

רבי יוסי אומר שלא תטעה. רבי יוסי היה נותן סימן שלא תטעה:

זוג של בהמה. שהחיצון קרוי זוג: