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Mishnayos Moed Katan Perek 3 Mishnah 2

מועד קטן פרק ג׳ משנה ב׳


And these may launder their clothes on the intermediate days of a Festival: One who comes from a country overseas; and one who is released from a house of captivity; and one who comes out of prison on the intermediate days of a Festival; and one who had been ostracized and the Sages released him from his decree of ostracism; and similarly, one who had vowed not to launder his clothes and he requested from a Sage to dissolve his vow and was released from it on the intermediate days of a Festival. Hand towels; and barbers’ towels, which are used to cover a person having a haircut; and body-drying towels, all of which get quickly soiled, may be laundered on the intermediate days of a Festival. Zavim, men suffering from an impure venereal emission; zavot, women who experience a flow of menstrual-type blood on three consecutive days during a time of the month when they do not expect to experience menstrual bleeding; menstruating women; women who have just given birth; and all others who leave a state of ritual impurity for a state of ritual purity on the intermediate days of the Festival, these people are all permitted to launder their clothes in order to purify themselves. But all other people are prohibited from laundering during the intermediate days of the Festival.

וְאֵלּוּ מְכַבְּסִין בַּמּוֹעֵד, הַבָּא מִמְּדִינַת הַיָּם, וּמִבֵּית הַשִּׁבְיָה, וְהַיּוֹצֵא מִבֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים, וְהַמְנֻדֶּה שֶׁהִתִּירוּ לוֹ חֲכָמִים, וְכֵן מִי שֶׁנִּשְׁאַל לְחָכָם וְהֻתַּר, מִטְפְּחוֹת הַיָּדַיִם וּמִטְפְּחוֹת הַסַּפָּרִים וּמִטְפְּחוֹת הַסְּפָג, הַזָּבִין וְהַזָּבוֹת וְהַנִּדּוֹת וְהַיּוֹלְדוֹת, וְכָל הָעוֹלִין מִטֻּמְאָה לְטָהֳרָה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מֻתָּרִין. וּשְׁאָר כָּל אָדָם, אֲסוּרִין:


ומי שנשאל לחכם – that he vowed not to launder his clothes and he appeared before a Sage on the Festival and he released him from his vow.

ומטפחות ידים – that they dry with the their hands at the time of eating.

ומטפחות ספרים – clothing/covering that the barbers give to those who get a haircut between his shoulders because of the hair. And when he comes to shave to those who are taught in the Mishnah who are permitted to shave on the Festival, it is necessary to always launder it.

מטפחות הספגין – that they dry with them when they leave from the bathhouse.

וכל העולים מטומאה לטהרה – on the Festival, it is permitted to launder their clothes. And flax utensils, even of every person it is permitted to launder them on the Festival, for they need laundering frequently, and even that which was laundered on the eve of the Festival become soiled immediately and need laundering during the Festival, therefore, they did not make a decree concerning them. And whomever lacks other than one undershirt/garment, even if it is not made of flax is permitted to launder it on the Festival., and he who stands naked at the time of his laundering with only a girdle on his loins to cover the flesh of his nakedness for this proves that he lacks other than this undershirt/garment that he launders.

ומי שנשאל לחכם. שנדר שלא לכבס בגדיו, ונשאל לחכם במועד והתיר לו נדרו:

ומטפחות ידים. שמנגבים בהם ידים בשעת אכילה:

ומטפחות ספרים. כסות שנותנים הספרים למסתפר בין כתפיו מפני השער. וכשבא לגלח לאלו השנויים במשנה שהן מותרין לגלח במועד צריך לכבסה תמיד:

מטפחות הספגין. שמנגבין בהן כשיוצאין מן המרחץ:

וכל העולים מטומאה לטהרה. במועד, מותרים לכבס בגדיהם. וכלי פשתן אפילו של כל אדם מותר לכבסן במועד, מפני שהן צריכין כבוס תדיר, ואפילו המכובסים ערב הרגל מיטנפי מיד וצריכים כבוס בתוך הרגל, הלכך לא גזרו בהו. ומי שאין לו אלא חלוק אחד, אפילו שאינו של פשתן מותר לכבס במועד, והוא שעומד ערום בשעת כביסתו עם אזור במתניו בלבד לכסות בשר ערוה שזה מוכיח שאין לו אלא החלוק הזה שהוא מכבס בלבד: