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Mishnayos Meilah Perek 2 Mishnah 1

מעילה פרק ב׳ משנה א׳


One who derives benefit from a bird sin offering is liable for misuse of consecrated property from the moment that it was consecrated. Once the nape of its neck was pinched, it was rendered susceptible to disqualification for sacrifice through contact with one who was ritually impure who immersed in a ritual bath that day and is waiting for nightfall for the purification process to be completed, and through contact with one who has not yet brought an atonement offering to complete his purification process, e.g., a zav and a leper, who are not yet permitted to partake of sacrificial meat; and through its blood being left overnight, i.e., if its blood was not sprinkled before sunset. Once its blood was sprinkled, one is liable to receive karet for eating it due to violation of the prohibition of piggul, and the prohibition of notar, and the prohibition of partaking of sacrificial meat while ritually impure. But there is no liability for misuse of consecrated property, because after the blood is sprinkled it is permitted for priests to partake of its meat and it is no longer consecrated exclusively to God.

חַטַּאת הָעוֹף, מוֹעֲלִין בָּהּ מִשֶּׁהֻקְדְּשָׁה. נִמְלְקָה, הֻכְשְׁרָה לְהִפָּסֵל בִּטְבוּל יוֹם וּבִמְחֻסַּר כִּפּוּרִים וּבְלִינָה. הֻזָּה דָמָהּ, חַיָּבִין עָלֶיהָ מִשּׁוּם פִּגּוּל, נוֹתָר וְטָמֵא, וְאֵין בָּהּ מְעִילָה:


חטאת העוף. הוכשרה ליפסל – that is to say, from when the bird is killed by pinching its neck with a finger nail, holiness is added to it, and it becomes disqualified if a טבול יום /a Kohen who has immersed himself that day, but is awaiting sunset, had come in contact with it or someone lacking atonement/מחוסר כפורים (i.e., like a woman after childbirth, a male or woman with a flux, a healed leper who have to bring a sacrifice to complete their purification). But especially if It was disqualified by a Tevul Yom. But it does not become unclean to make others unclean, for just as the Tevul Yom disqualifies the heave-offering/Terumah, so it also disqualifies that which is holy.

הוזה דמה חייבין עליה משום פגול – for it refers to the sprinkling of the sin offering of a bird in the place of sprinkling of an animal/cattle, for sprinkling [of the blood] establishes disqualification of an offering of inappropriate intention when he thought about it prior to this like the sprinkling of the blood of cattle and furthermore, there is the prohibition of remnant and impurity.

ואין בה מעילה – for since its blood had been sprinkled there is [in it] a moment of availability for the Kohanim.

חטאת העוף. הוכשרה ליפסל. כלומר משנמלקה נתוספה בה קדושה, שהיא נפסלת אם נגע בה טבול יום או מחוסר כפורים. ודוקא נפסלת בטבול יום. אבל לא מיטמאה לטמא אחרים, שכשם שטבול יום פוסל את התרומה כך הוא פוסל את הקודש:

הוזה דמה חייבין עליה משום פגול. דהזאה של חטאת העוף במקום זריקה דבהמה קאי, דהזאה קובעת פגול כשחשב בו קודם לכן כמו זריקת דם בבהמה, ושוב יש בו איסור נותר וטמא:

ואין בה מעילה. דכיון דהוזה דמה יש [בה] היתר לכהנים: