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Mishnayos Megillah Perek 2 Mishnah 5

מגילה פרק ב׳ משנה ה׳


Although it is preferable to fulfill a particular day’s mitzva at the earliest possible hour, the entire day is a valid time for reading the Megilla; for reciting hallel; for sounding the shofar on Rosh HaShana; for taking the lulav and the other species on Sukkot; for the additional prayer recited on Shabbat and other occasions; and for the additional offerings sacrificed in the Temple on these occasions. And the entire day is also a valid time for the confession over the bulls brought by the Sanhedrin or by the High Priest to atone for mistakes they had made in their instruction to the people; for the declaration made on the last day of Passover in the fourth and seventh year of the Sabbatical cycle, stating that one’s obligations with regard to tithes have been properly fulfilled (see Deuteronomy 26:12–15); and for the confession of sins made by the High Priest on Yom Kippur over the special offerings brought on that day. The entire day is also a valid time for placing hands on the head of an offering; for slaughtering an offering; for waving those offerings that require waving in the Temple; for bringing meal-offerings near to the altar; for scooping out a fistful of flour from a meal-offering in order to burn it on the altar; and for burning the fistful of flour on the altar; for pinching the necks of the turtledoves and young pigeons sacrificed as offerings in the Temple; and for receiving the blood of an offering in a vessel; and for sprinkling blood on the altar and on the curtain separating between the Holy and the Holy of Holies. And the entire day is also a valid time for giving a woman suspected by her husband of having been unfaithful [sota] to drink from the bitter waters (see Numbers 5:11–31); for breaking the neck of the heifer as part of the procedure followed when a corpse is found outside a town and it is not known who caused his death (see Deuteronomy 21:1–9); and for all the steps in the purification process of the leper (see Leviticus 14:1–20).

כָּל הַיּוֹם כָּשֵׁר לִקְרִיאַת הַמְּגִלָּה, וְלִקְרִיאַת הַהַלֵּל, וְלִתְקִיעַת שׁוֹפָר, וְלִנְטִילַת לוּלָב, וְלִתְפִלַּת הַמּוּסָפִין, וְלַמּוּסָפִין, וּלְוִדּוּי הַפָּרִים, וּלְוִדּוּי הַמַּעֲשֵׂר, וּלְוִדּוּי יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, לַסְּמִיכָה, לַשְּׁחִיטָה, לַתְּנוּפָה, לַהַגָּשָׁה, לַקְּמִיצָה וְלַהַקְטָרָה, לַמְּלִיקָה, וְלַקַּבָּלָה, וְלַהַזָּיָה, וּלְהַשְׁקָיַת סוֹטָה, וְלַעֲרִיפַת הָעֶגְלָה, וּלְטַהֲרַת הַמְּצֹרָע:


ולוידוי הפרים – the bullock of the anointed Kohen and the bullock for forgetfulness [as a cause of transgression] of the community upon which hey confess their sins that they had brought upon him.

ולידוי מעשר – (Deuteronomy 26:13): “[You shall declare before the LORD your God ‘I have cleared out the consecrated portion from the house;’….”

לסמיכה – (Leviticus 1:4): “He shall lay his hand upon the head of the burnt offering….”

להגשה – he brings near the meal offering fist in the southwest corner of the altar, and afterwards, he takes a fistful of it.

ולקמיצה ולהקטרה – it is talking about burning on the altar of the handful [of the meal-offering] which the priest takes [bending three middle fingers near the hollow of the hand as he takes hold of it], which is the meal offering corresponding to the sprinkling of the blood with sacrifice [of peace-offerings]. And it is not valid other than during the daytime, but the burning on the altar of the fats and limbs is valid throughout the night, as is taught in our Mishnah (Mishnah 6 and Berakhot, 1:1).

לקבלה – the reception of the blood in the bowl (out of which the sprinkling is done).

הזייה – the sprinkling of burnt bullocks of the inner sin-offerings, and the sprinkling of the blood on the altar is also called הזייה/”sprinkling.”

ולוידוי הפרים. פר כהן משיח, ופר העלם דבר של צבור, שמתודים עליהם חטאם שהביאום עליו:

ולוידוי מעשר. ביערתי הקדש מן הבית:

לסמיכה. וסמך את ידו על ראש העולה:

להגשה. מגיש את המנחה תחלה בקרן מערבית דרומית של מזבח, ואח״כ קומץ:

ולקמיצה ולהקטרה. בהקטרת קומץ קאמר, שהוא במנחה כנגד זריקת דם בזבחים, ואינה כשרה אלא ביום. אבל הקטר חלבים ואיברים כשר כל הלילה כדתנן במתניתין:

לקבלה. קבלת הדם במזרק:

להזייה. הזיית פרים הנשרפים וכל חטאות הפנימיות. וזריקת דם על המזבח נמי קרי הזייה: