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Mishnayos Kilayim Perek 7 Mishnah 4

כלאים פרק ז׳ משנה ד׳


One who causes his vine to overhang his fellow’s grain, behold he has caused the grain to be prohibited and he is responsible for it. Rabbi Yose and Rabbi Shimon say: a person does not prohibit [as kilayim] that which is not his own.

הַמְסַכֵּךְ אֶת גַּפְנוֹ עַל גַּבֵּי תְבוּאָתוֹ שֶׁל חֲבֵרוֹ, הֲרֵי זֶה קִדֵּשׁ, וְחַיָּב בְּאַחֲרָיוּתוֹ. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמְרִים, אֵין אָדָם מְקַדֵּשׁ דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ שֶׁלּוֹ:


וחייב באחריותו (and is liable for its replacement) – to pay him for his grain, and even for who holds the opinion that one who is the cause of damage to another person is not responsible (see Talmud Bava Kamma 98b), it is different here because he performs an action with his hands.

such as placing [forbidden] fats and blood in the pot of his fellow, or in the meat in the milk of his fellow, which forbids them, but Kilayim/mixed seeds are different , as it is written regarding them (Deuteronomy 22:9): “You shall not sow your vineyard with a second seed,” which implies your vineyard, but not another vineyard, but the Rabbis state [that the Biblical passage] “You shall not sow your vineyard” – I do not have other than “your vineyard” – but where do I learn about another vineyard (i.e., of another person), the inference teaches us, “mixed seeds,” in any case. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Yossi and not according to Rabbi Akiva.

וחייב באחריותו. לשלם לו את תבואתו ואפילו למאן דלא דאין דינא דגרמי שאני הכא דקא עביד מעשה בידים:

אין אדם מקדש דבר שאינו שלו. ול״ד לשאר איסורים שבתורה כגון הנותן חלב ודם בקדירת חבירו או בשל בשר בחלב של חבירו דאוסרן, דשאני כלאים דכתיב בהו (דברים כ״ב:ט׳) לא תזרע כרמך כלאים דמשמע כרמך ולא כרם אחר, ורבנן אמרי לא תזרע כרמך אין לי אלא כרמך כרם אחר מנין ת״ל כלאים מ״מ. ואין הלכה כר׳ יוסי [ולא כרבי שמעון] ולא כרבי עקיבא: