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Mishnayos Kiddushin Perek 4 Mishnah 2

קידושין פרק ד׳ משנה ב׳


And these are the last two categories: A shetuki is any person who knows the identity of his mother but does not know the identity of his father. A foundling is anyone who was collected from the marketplace and doesn’t know the identity of his parents, neither that of his father nor that of his mother. These two categories are people whose status is uncertain; they may be mamzerim. Abba Shaul would call a shetuki by the label of beduki.

וְאֵלּוּ הֵם שְׁתוּקֵי, כֹּל שֶׁהוּא מַכִּיר אֶת אִמּוֹ וְאֵינוֹ מַכִּיר אֶת אָבִיו. אֲסוּפֵי, כֹּל שֶׁנֶּאֱסַף מִן הַשּׁוּק וְאֵינוֹ מַכִּיר לֹא אָבִיו וְלֹא אִמּוֹ. אַבָּא שָׁאוּל הָיָה קוֹרֵא לִשְׁתוּקֵי, בְּדוּקֵי:


שתוקי. כל שהוא מכיר את אמו – that he calls, “Daddy,” but his mother silences him.

בדוקי – that they examine the mother. If she said that she was impregnated by an appropriate individual, the child is appropriate. And the Halakha is according to Abba Shaul.

שתוקי, כל שהוא מכיר את אמו. שקורא אבא, ואמו משתקתו:

בדוקי. שבודקין את אמו. אם אמרה לכשר נבעלתי, הולד כשר. והלכה כאבא שאול: