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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 13 Mishnah 7

כתובות פרק י"ג משנה ז׳


With regard to one who went overseas and in the meantime the path leading to his field was lost, e.g., the path he used to reach his land was taken over by the owner of the field through which it passed, so that its exact position is now unknown, Admon says: Let him go to his field by the shortest possible route. And the Rabbis say: Let him buy himself a path from an owner of a neighboring field at whatever price he can, even if it is one hundred dinars [maneh], or let him fly through the air.

מִי שֶׁהָלַךְ לִמְדִינַת הַיָּם וְאָבְדָה דֶרֶךְ שָׂדֵהוּ, אַדְמוֹן אוֹמֵר, יֵלֵךְ בַּקְּצָרָה. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, יִקְנֶה לוֹ דֶרֶךְ בְּמֵאָה מָנֶה, אוֹ יִפְרַח בָּאֲוִיר:


ואבדה דרך שדהו – that the owners of the field who took possession of it that was in his narrow path marking the boundary between fields.

ילך לו בקצרה – by force against their will, he should take for himself the path to his field, but he should choose for himself the shortest path so that he would not have to take a lot. And at the time when people surround it from the four directions Admon agrees with the Sages that each person can say, “I brought proof that your path is [where the money was] collected and taken. But if one person surrounded it from the four directions, the Sages agree that whatever side you take, his path is with him. They did not dispute other than when one person surrounded it when he came under the power of four people. Admon states that one can say to him, whatever side you take, my path is with you. But the Sages say that one can say to him: How? If you were silent, you were silent, but if not, return the document to his master, and you will not be able to talk about the law with/to sue him. And the Halakha is according to the Sages.

ואבדה דרך שדהו. שהחזיקו בה בעלי השדות שבמצריו:

ילך לו בקצרה. על כרחם יטול לו דרך לשדהו, אבל יברור לו דרך קצרה שלא ירבה ליטול. ובזמן שד׳ בני אדם מקיפים אותו מד׳ רוחות מודה אדמון לחכמים שכל אחד יכול לומר אייתי ראיה דדרכך גבאי ושקול. ואם אדם אחד הקיפהו מד׳ רוחות מודים חכמים לאדמון דממה נפשך אורחיה גביה הוא. לא נחלקו אלא כשהקיפהו אדם אחד שבא מכח ארבעה בני אדם. אדמון אומר, מצי אמר ליה ממה נפשך אורחי גבך, וחכמים אומרים מצי אמר ליה היאך, אי שתקת שתקת, ואי לא, מהדרנא שטרא למרייהו ולא מצית לאשתעויי דינא בהדייהו. והלכה כחכמים: