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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 1 Mishnah 7

כתובות פרק א׳ משנה ז׳


In a case where she says: I am one whose hymen was ruptured by wood, i.e., she admits that her hymen is not intact but claims that it was not ruptured through intercourse, and the groom says: No; rather, you are one who was trampled by a man, and your hymen was ruptured through intercourse, Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Eliezer say: She is deemed credible and her claim is accepted because she certainly knows what actually happened. Rabbi Yehoshua says: It is not based on the statement emerging from her mouth that we conduct our lives; rather, she retains the presumptive status of one who was trampled by a man, until she brings proof supporting her statement that her hymen was ruptured by wood.

הִיא אוֹמֶרֶת מֻכַּת עֵץ אָנִי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר, לֹא כִי, אֶלָּא דְרוּסַת אִישׁ אָתְּ, רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמְרִים, נֶאֱמֶנֶת. וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, לֹא מִפִּיהָ אָנוּ חַיִּין, אֶלָּא הֲרֵי זוֹ בְחֶזְקַת דְּרוּסַת אִישׁ, עַד שֶׁתָּבִיא רְאָיָה לִדְבָרֶיהָ:


דרוסת איש – she had sexual relations with a man.

נאמנת – and she does not lose her Ketubah-payment. But nevertheless, if she was the wife of a Kohen and following the time of her betrothal, when she married, he claimed that “you had engaged in sexual relations with a man” we remove her from him, lest after he had betrothed her, she had had sexual relations with [another] man, since he said to her, “you had sexual relations with a man,” she is considered to him as a piece [of meat] that is forbidden, and even if by uncontrollable accident had engaged in sexual relations, we establish for ourselves that if she is the wife of a Kohen who had by uncontrollable accident [had sexual relations with another man], she is forbidden to her husband, and he must divorce her and provide her Ketubah-settlement.

דרוסת איש. בעולת איש:

נאמנת. ולא הפסידה כתובתה. ומכל מקום אי אשת כהן היא ולאחר זמן האירוסין כשנשאה טען דרוסת איש את, מפקינן לה מיניה, דשמא לאחר שארס אותה נבעלה, ומכי אמר דרוסת איש את שויה אנפשיה חתיכה דאיסורא. ואפילו נבעלה באונס, הא קיי״ל אשת כהן שנאנסה אסורה לבעלה. ומגרש לה ויהיב לה כתובתה: