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Mishnayos Keilim Perek 27 Mishnah 2

כלים פרק כ"ז משנה ב׳


Cloth is susceptible to midras uncleanness when it is three handbreadths by three handbreadths, and to corpse uncleanness when it is three fingerbreadths by three fingerbreadths. Sack-cloth when it is four handbreadths by four handbreadths. Leather, five handbreadths by five handbreadths. And matting, six handbreadths by six handbreadths. [All of these] are equally susceptible to both midras and corpse uncleanness. Rabbi Meir says: what remains of sack-cloth is susceptible to uncleanness if it is four handbreadths, but when in its first condition [it becomes susceptible only after its manufacture] is completed.

הַבֶּגֶד מִטַּמֵּא מִשּׁוּם שְׁלֹשָׁה עַל שְׁלֹשָׁה, לְמִדְרָס, וּמִשּׁוּם שָׁלֹשׁ עַל שָׁלֹשׁ לִטְמֵא מֵת. הַשַּׂק אַרְבָּעָה עַל אַרְבָּעָה, הָעוֹר חֲמִשָּׁה עַל חֲמִשָּׁה, מַפָּץ שִׁשָּׁה עַל שִׁשָּׁה, שָׁוִין לְמִדְרָס וְלִטְמֵא מֵת. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, הַשַּׂק שְׁיָרָיו אַרְבָּעָה, וּתְחִלָּתוֹ מִשֶּׁיִּגָּמֵר:


הבגד מימטמא – for becoming defiled through contact with a corpse and for all the rest of the defilements except for that of treading, because of three fingerbreadth square, because it is appropriate for poor people, and it is derived by implication from as is it written (Leviticus 13:47): “[When an eruptive affection occurs in] a cloth, [of wool or linen fabric].” But for uncleanness by treading, we require something that is appropriate for sitting, and with less than three handbreadths by three handbreadths, it is not appropriate for seating.

השק – that is woven from hair or feathers of goats, its measure whether for someone who had been defiled through contact with a corpse or for treading is not less than four handbreadths by four handbreadths.

ושוין – to defile through defilement of treading/Midras and through defilement by contact with a corpse. A sack, or a hide or a mat.

שייריו ארבעה – regarding this matter, it is stated [by Rabbi Meir] that its remnants are four [handbreadths]. When it became worn out and torn and there remained from it a measurement of four handbreadths, but at the beginning of its weaving, it doesn’t become susceptible to receive ritual defilement until it is completely woven. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Meir.

הבגד מיטמא. לטמא מת ולכל שאר טומאות חוץ ממדרס, משום שלש אצבעות על שלש אצבעות. משום דחזי לעניים, ואתרבי מדכתיב והבגד. אבל למדרס בעינן מידי דחזי לישיבה, ובפחות משלשה טפחים על שלשה טפחים לא חזי למושב:

השק. הארוג משער ונוצה של עזים, שיעורו בין לטמא מת בין למדרס אין פחות מארבעה טפחים על ארבעה טפחים:

שוין. לטמא טומאת מדרס וטמא מת. שק ועור. ומפץ:

שייריו ארבעה. לענין זה נאמר שיעורו בארבעה, כשבלה ונקרע ונשתייר ממנו שיעור ארבעה טפחים. אבל בתחלת אריגתו אינו מקבל טומאה עד שיארג כולו. ואין הלכה כרבי מאיר: