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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 7 Mishnah 6

עירובין פרק ז׳ משנה ו׳


How does one merge the courtyards that open into the alleyway, if a person wishes to act on behalf of all the residents of the alleyway? He places a barrel filled with his own food and says: This is for all the residents of the alleyway. For this gift to be acquired by the others, someone must accept it on their behalf, and the tanna therefore teaches that he may confer possession to them even by means of his adult son or daughter, and likewise by means of his Hebrew slave or maidservant, whom he does not own, and by means of his wife. These people may acquire the eiruv on behalf of all the residents of the alleyway. However, he may not confer possession by means of his minor son or daughter, nor by means of his Canaanite slave or maidservant, because they cannot effect acquisition, as ownership of objects that come into their possession is as if those objects came into his possession. Consequently, the master or father cannot confer possession to the slave or minor respectively on behalf of others as their acquisition is ineffective and the object remains in his own possession.

כֵּיצַד מִשְׁתַּתְּפִין בַּמָּבוֹי. מֵנִיחַ אֶת הֶחָבִית וְאוֹמֵר, הֲרֵי זוֹ לְכָל בְּנֵי מָבוֹי, וּמְזַכֶּה לָהֶן עַל יְדֵי בְנוֹ וּבִתּוֹ הַגְּדוֹלִים וְעַל יְדֵי עַבְדּוֹ וְשִׁפְחָתוֹ הָעִבְרִים וְעַל יְדֵי אִשְׁתּוֹ, אֲבָל אֵינוֹ מְזַכֶּה לֹא עַל יְדֵי בְנוֹ וּבִתּוֹ הַקְּטַנִּים וְלֹא עַל יְדֵי עַבְדּוֹ וְשִׁפְחָתוֹ הַכְּנַעֲנִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיָּדָן כְּיָדוֹ:


מניח את החבית – [he sets down the jar] of his own [food, wine, etc.] if he wishes, and then needs to grant possession/entitles, for whereas it if is theirs, he doesn’t need to grant possession/entitle [to them].

ומזכה להם ע"י בנו ובתן – he says to them: “Accept this jar and take possession of it in the name of all the members of the alleyway.” And the person who takes possession lifts up the Eruv with his hand a handbreadth from the ground, for wherever that he places it in his domain, there would be no taking of possession.

שידן כידו – this is not taking of possession [since the minor child or the Canaanite slave or maidservant are considered as property of the parent/master].

מניח את החבית. משלו אם ירצה ואז צריך לזכות, דאילו משלהם אין צריך לזכות:

ומזכה להם ע״י בנו ובתו. אומר להם קבלו חבית זו וזכו בה לשם כל בני המבוי. והזוכה מגביה העירוב בידו טפח מן הקרקע, דכל היכא דמנחא ברשותיה לא הויא זכיה, ואומר זכיתי להם:

שידן כידו. ולאו זכיה היא: