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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 7 Mishnah 5

עירובין פרק ז׳ משנה ה׳


With regard to a haystack that is positioned between two courtyards and is ten handbreadths high, it has the status of a partition, and therefore the residents of the courtyards may establish two eiruvin, and they may not establish one eiruv. These, the inhabitants of one courtyard, may feed their animals from here, from one side of the haystack, and those, the inhabitants of the other courtyard, may feed their animals from there, from the other side of the haystack. There is no concern that the haystack might become too small to serve as a partition. If the height of the hay was reduced to less than ten handbreadths across its entire length, its legal status is no longer that of a partition. Consequently, the residents of both courtyards establish one eiruv, and they do not establish two eiruvin.

מַתְבֵּן שֶׁבֵּין שְׁתֵּי חֲצֵרוֹת, גָּבוֹהַּ עֲשָׂרָה טְפָחִים, מְעָרְבִין שְׁנַיִם וְאֵין מְעָרְבִין אֶחָד. אֵלּוּ מַאֲכִילִין מִכָּאן וְאֵלּוּ מַאֲכִילִין מִכָּאן. נִתְמַעֵט הַתֶּבֶן מֵעֲשָׂרָה טְפָחִים, מְעָרְבִין אֶחָד וְאֵין מְעָרְבִין שְׁנָיִם:


מתבן – a heap of straw, and it interrupts on the surface of the entire width of the courtyards.

אלו מאכילין – they place their cattle to eat from the straw, and we don’t suspect that perhaps the straw will be come less than ten [handbreadths] and that it would be one domain and they would be mutually prohibited [from eating] and would carry in the courtyard and not be aware of it, for this we do not suspect for even whether it would decrease or not, the minority is over the surface of ten cubits and more does not prohibit it, for ten cubits are an opening, and the cattle do not lessen it all that much in its eating [on one Sabbath].

נתמעט התבן מי' טפחים – over the surface of the entire length of the courtyard or amidst the ten cubits [and more].

מערבין אחד – if it decreased on the weekday before [the onset of] Shabbat.

מתבן. גדיש של תבן, ומפסיק על פני כל רוחב החצרות:

אלו מאכילין. מניחין בהמתן לאכול מן התבן, ולא חיישינן דלמא ממעיט התבן מי׳ והו״ל חדא רשותא ואסרי אהדדי ומטלטלי בחצר ולא מסקי אדעתייהו, להא לא חיישינן דהא אפילו אמעיט אי לא הוי המיעוט על פני עשר אמות ויותר לא אסרי, דהא עשר אמות פתחא הוי ואין בהמה ממעטת כ״כ באכילתה [בשבת אחד]:

נתמעט התבן מי׳ טפחים. על פני כל אורך החצר או במשך י׳ אמות [ועוד]:

מערבין אחד. אם נתמעט בחול לפני השבת: