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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 6 Mishnah 9

עירובין פרק ו׳ משנה ט׳


With regard to two courtyards, one of which was within the other, and the outer one opened into the public domain, the following distinctions apply: If the inner courtyard established an eiruv for itself and the outer one did not establish an eiruv, carrying in the inner one is permitted and carrying in the outer one is prohibited. If the outer courtyard established an eiruv and the inner one did not, carrying in both is prohibited, as the residents of the inner courtyard pass through the outer one, and are considered to a certain extent as residents of the courtyard who did not participate in the eiruv. If this courtyard established an eiruv for itself, and that courtyard also established an eiruv for itself, but they did not establish a joint eiruv with one another, this one is permitted by itself, and that one is permitted by itself, but they may not carry from one to the other. Rabbi Akiva prohibits carrying in the outer one even in such a case, as the right of entry to the outer courtyard enjoyed by the residents of the inner courtyard renders it prohibited. And the Rabbis disagree and say: The right of entry enjoyed by the residents of the inner courtyard does not render it prohibited. Since the residents of the inner courtyard do not use the outer one other than to pass through it, and they are permitted to carry in their own courtyard, they do not render it prohibited to carry in the outer courtyard.

שְׁתֵּי חֲצֵרוֹת, זוֹ לִפְנִים מִזּוֹ, עֵרְבָה הַפְּנִימִית וְלֹא עֵרְבָה הַחִיצוֹנָה, הַפְּנִימִית מֻתֶּרֶת וְהַחִיצוֹנָה אֲסוּרָה. הַחִיצוֹנָה, וְלֹא הַפְּנִימִית, שְׁתֵּיהֶן אֲסוּרוֹת. עֵרְבָה זוֹ לְעַצְמָהּ וְזוֹ לְעַצְמָהּ, זוֹ מֻתֶּרֶת בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָהּ וְזוֹ מֻתֶּרֶת בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָהּ. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹסֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה, שֶׁדְּרִיסַת הָרֶגֶל אוֹסַרְתָּהּ. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֵין דְּרִיסַת הָרֶגֶל אוֹסַרְתָּהּ:


זו לפנים מזו – the inner [courtyard] is open to the outer [courtyard] and the outer to the public domain and there is crossing/treading of the [members of] the inner courtyard to on the outer [courtyard] to go out to the public domain.

עירבה פנימית – [made an Eruv in the inner courtyard] on its own to carry in its courtyard

שתיהן אסורות – for it would be that the inner [courtyard] on its own, a foot that is prohibited in its place, for behold it didn’t make an Eruv for itself and restricts in the walking by foot on to the external [courtyard].

זו מותרת לעצמה וכו' – for the foot that permits in its place does not restrict.

ר"ע אוסר – for he holds that the even the foot that is permitted restricts when he did not make an Eruv there.

וחכמים אומרים – for they hold that even a foot that is prohibited in its place such as the case where the inner [courtyard] did not make an Eruv for itself, it does not restrict on the outer [courtyard] but the Halakha is according to the first Tanna/teacher.

זו לפנים מזו. פנימית פתוחה לחיצונה וחיצונה לרה״ר ודריסת רגליה של פנימית על חיצונה לצאת לרה״ר:

עירבה פנימית. בעצמה לטלטל בחצרה:

שתיהן אסורות. דהויא פנימית בעצמה רגל האסורה במקומה שהרי לא עירבה לעצמה, ואוסרת בדריסת רגליה על החיצונה:

זו מותרת לעצמה וכו׳ דרגל המותרת במקומה אינה אוסרת:

ר״ע אוסר. דקא סבר אף רגל המותרת אוסרת כשלא עירבה שם:

וחכמים אומרים כו׳ דקסברי אפילו רגל האסורה במקומה כגון כשלא עירבה הפנימית לעצמה אינה אוסרת על החיצונה. והלכה כתנא קמא: