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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 4 Mishnah 4

עירובין פרק ד׳ משנה ד׳


With regard to a person who was sitting along the road on Shabbat eve toward nightfall, unaware that he was within the city’s Shabbat limit, and when he stood up after Shabbat had already commenced, he saw that he was near the town, i.e., within its limit, since he had not intended to acquire his place of residence in the town, he may not enter it, but rather he measures two thousand cubits from his place; this is the statement of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Yehuda says: He may enter the town. Rabbi Yehuda said: It once happened that Rabbi Tarfon entered a town on Shabbat without intention from the beginning of Shabbat to establish residence in the city.

מִי שֶׁיָּשַׁב בַּדֶּרֶךְ, וְעָמַד, וְרָאָה וַהֲרֵי הוּא סָמוּךְ לָעִיר, הוֹאִיל וְלֹא הָיְתָה כַוָּנָתוֹ לְכָךְ, לֹא יִכָּנֵס, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, יִכָּנֵס. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, מַעֲשֶׂה הָיָה, וְנִכְנַס רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן בְּלֹא מִתְכַּוֵּן:


מי שישב בדרך – [he had sat on the road] to rest and did not know that he was at the [Sabbath] limit of the city and it became dark for him there and when he stood up he saw that he was near to the city and to its [Sabbath] limit.

לא יכנס – [he should not enter] into the city to be like the people of the city, but rather from the place where it had become dark for him, he should measure two thousand cubits and on the place where they were able, he should go and no further.

ר"י אומר יכנס – [he should enter] and walk through the city and outside of it two thousand cubits like the people of the city, and the Halakha is according to Rabbi Yehudah.

בלא מתכוין – for he did not know that it had become dark for him when he was in the [Sabbath] limit of the city and he did not intend to make his Shabbat in the city but rather in his place.

מי שישב בדרך. לנוח ולא היה יודע שהיה בתחום העיר וחשכה לו שם, וכשעמד ראה שהוא סמוך לעיר ובתחומה:

לא יכנס. לעיר להיות כאנשי העיר, אלא ממקום שחשכה לו ימדוד אלפים אמה ועד מקום שיכלו ילך בעיר ותו לא:

ר״י אומר יכנס. וילך כל העיר וחוצה לה אלפים אמה כבני העיר. והלכה כר׳ יהודה:

בלא מתכוין. שלא ידע כשחשיכה לו שהוא בתחום העיר, ולא נתכוין להיות שביתתו בעיר אלא במקומו: