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Mishnayos Chullin Perek 7 Mishnah 4

חולין פרק ז׳ משנה ד׳


In the case of a thigh that was cooked with the sciatic nerve in it, if there is enough of the sciatic nerve in it to impart its flavor to the thigh, the entire thigh is forbidden for consumption. How does one measure whether there is enough sciatic nerve to impart flavor to the meat of the entire thigh? One relates to it as though the sciatic nerve were meat imparting flavor to a turnip. If meat the volume of the sciatic nerve would impart flavor to a turnip the volume of the thigh when they were cooked together, then the entire thigh is forbidden.

יָרֵךְ שֶׁנִּתְבַּשֵּׁל בָּהּ גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה, אִם יֶשׁ בָּהּ בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, הֲרֵי זוֹ אֲסוּרָה. כֵּיצַד מְשַׁעֲרִין אוֹתָהּ. כְּבָשָׂר בְּלָפֶת:


כבשר בלפת – we view it as if the thigh is broken and the nerve is meat, and whereas if it provided a flavor in the meat like the size of the nerve–sinew, like turnips, [like the measurement of] the thigh, it is prohibited, for the measurement is a traditional law dating from Moses as delivered from Sinai, and we derive that in this we estimate, even though it if it were a cabbage or a leek with a head–porret, one would need less, or more, and that of our Mishnah would be superseded and is not the Halakha and we hold that there isn’t in the sinews–nerve for imparting a flavor, for whether it is cooked or whether it is salted or whether it is roasted, we cast it aside and it is permitted. But especially it, but its fat, it imparts a flavor and if he didn’t carry off the fat, it prohibits, and the imparting of a flavor that is mentioned with it must be of the same species, for a person cannot distinguish, we estimate it as one-sixtieth.

כבשר בלפת. רואין כאילו הירך לפתות והגיד בשר, ואילו היה נותן טעם בשר כשיעור הגיד, בלפתות [כשיעור] הירך, אסור. דשיעורים הלכה למשה מסיני, וגמירי דבהכי משערים, אף על פי שאילו היה כרוב או קפלוט היה צריך פחות או יותר. והא מתניתין אדחיא לה ואינה הלכה. דקיי״ל אין בגידין בנותן טעם, דבין נתבשל ובין נמלח ובין נצלה, משליכו ומותר. ודוקא בו, אבל שומנו יש בו בנותן טעם, ואם לא נטל שומנו אוסר. ונותן טעם האמור במין במינו שאין אדם יכול להבחינו, משערין אותו בששים: